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psychotherapy

various forms of psychotherapy and definitions

TermDefinition
psychotherapy psychologically based treatment in which a trained therapist use techniques to help a person overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems or bring about personal growth
biomedical therapy relies on drugs and other medical procedures to improve psychological functioning based on the patients biology
deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes connected to the mood-related part of the brain and their chest, intended to correct abnormal brain signals
psychodynamic therapy attempt to bring unresolved past conflicts and unacceptable impulses from the unconscious, so patients can deal with their problems more effectively
defense mechanisms psychological strategies to protect yourself from unacceptable, unconscious impulses
repression force threatening conflicts and impulses back into the unconscious
neurotic symptoms abnormal behavior cause by anxiety produced by unconscious
psychoanalysis Freud's form of psychotherapy in which they attempt to release hidden thought and feelings from the unconscious in order to reduce their controlling behavior
transference feelings originally intended towards the patient's parents or authority figures gets transferred to the psychoanalysis, due to the intimate nature between a patient and psychoanalysist
behavioral treatment uses basic principles of learning, such as reinforcement and extinction, to reduce or eliminate abnormal behavior
aversive conditioning a form of therapy pairing with unpleasant stimulus with undesired behavior to reduce the frequency of that undesired behavior
systematic desensitization based on classical conditioning in which exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus is paired with deep relaxation to reduce or eliminate anxiety
flooding behavioral treatment for anxiety in which people are confronted, either suddenly or gradually, with a stimulus they fear
operant conditioning techniques reward people for doing desirable behavior and extinguish undesirable behavior by ignoring or punishing it
token system rewards desirable behavior
contingency contracting therapist and patient set behavioral goals, therapist rewards patient for reaching goals
observational learning teach people skills and ways of handling their fears and anxiety
cognitive treatment teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions about the world and themselves
cognitive-behavioral approach incorporates basic principles of learning to change the way people think
rational-emotive behavior therapy attempts to restructure a person's belief system into a more realistic, rational, and logical set of views by challenging dysfunctional beliefs that maintain irrational behavior
humanistic therapy people have control of their own behavior, can make choices about their lives, and are essentially responsible for solving their own problems
self-actualization state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their full potential, in their own unique way
person-centered therapy the goal is to reach one's potential for self-actualization
unconditional positive regard therapist provides acceptance, support, and understanding, no matter what feelings the patient expresses, creating a safe environment for the patient to make realistic and constructive choices and decisions
interpersonal therapy (IPT) help patients control their moods and emotions by focusing on the context of their current social relationships
group therapy therapy involving groups of people seeking treatment, usually centered on a common problem
family therapy focuses on the family and its dynamics, expects each family member to contribute to resolving the problem
self-help therapy people with similar problems get together to discuss common problems and share their feelings and experiences, often without a formal therapist
spontaneous remission recovery without treatment
evidence-based psychotherapy practice seeks to determine the best practices for treating specific disorders
eclectic approach to therapy therapists use a variety of techniques, integrating several perspectives, to treat their problem
drug therapy treatment of psychological disorders through the use of drugs that alter the operations of the neurons and neurotransmitters in the brain and body
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) procedure to treat severe depression with an electric current administered to the patient's head cause loss of conciousness and seizures
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) a depression treatment in which a precise magnetic pulse is directed to a specific area of the brain
psychosurgery brain surgery once used to reduce the symptoms of a mental disorder
prefrontal lobotomy surgery destroying or removing part of the patient's frontal lobe, which surgeons used to believe controlled emotions
cingulotomy in rare cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder, they destroy tissue in the anterior cingulate area of the brain
gamma knife surgery beams of radiation used to destroy areas of the brain
brain scan neurofeeback patients are shown real-time brain scans showing brain activity as they recall emotional memories or triggers for anxiety, allowing them to modify their brain activity and better learn to cope
deinstitutionalization the transfer of a formal mental patient from an institution to the community
Created by: tiffels