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Review 5: Film Sound

Review 5: Film Sound Concepts (Stack #31865)

What 3 things does a production sound team record? Dialog Background Walla
What is walla? Crowd chatter
What is used to enable sync of audio to picture? SMPTE Time Code
Name 2 common production sound recorders? Nagra (analog reel to reel) DAT (with time code)
What device shows the scene and take number on camera? Slate
What device on slate is used to profide a sync point for picture and sound? Clapper or Sticks
What do we call the ambient sound of a room? Room Tone
What do we call finding the time code locations where dialog, effects or music will be placed? Spotting
Who is in charge of all aspects of audio post? Supervising Sound Editor
What is re-recording dialog called? Looping or ADR
What are reasons why dialog may be replaced (7 reasons)? Background noise too high/actor too soft, drastic changes in background noise, room reverb undesirable, different emotions desired, director didn't like voice, script changes, clean version for TV/airlines
What do we call it when production dialog of several actors is separated to different tracks? Split tracks
What do we call brief segments of background noise left before and after each line of production dialog? Handles
What are the 3 phases in the making of a film? Pre production, Production, and Post-production
Who are the primary members of the audio production team? Sound Mixer, Boom Operator
What kind of mic is used most often in production sound? Shotgun (a specialized condenser)
What minimizes pickup of wind noise? A windscreen
What is audio Post? Replacement of, additions to and changes to production sound
What are the 2 worst problems in production sound? Rumble and wind noise
What do we call sound effects performed while watching film? Foley
What are the surfaces for walking in a Foley studio called? Foley pits
Who performs the Foley? Foley walker or Foley artist
What are the purposes for sound effects? Simulate reality, create illusion, set mood
Who may create the effects? A Sound Designer
Who places effects in their sync position? A Sound Editor
What do we call non-foley'ed sound effects? Cut effects or hard effects
Where do sound effects come from when we don't have the budget to create custom ones? A sound effects library
What is the difference between score and a source cue? Source cue is a previously recorded source, Score is written for and timed to the picture.
What is a punch? A white flash used to indicate music start, stop or tempo change
What is a streamer? A moving bar used to indicate a punch is about to occur
Who oversees all aspects of the music? Music supervisor
Who places music in proper sync position, shortens or lengthens a cue and docuemnts start/stop points of music? Music Editor
Who writes the score? Composer
What do we call music used for an unfinised film before the score is written? Temp Score or Temp Tracks
What do we use when there is no budget for a composer or licensicng source cues? A Production Music Library
What do we call a movie preview? A Trailer
Who does the final mix of a film? Re-recording Mixers
What is another name for mixing? Dubbing
What is M&E? Music and Effects mixed seperately from dialog
What is the transfer of the mix tback to the master video called? Layback
Waht do we call the sub mixes of similar sounds, created to make the final mix simpler? Pre-mixes or stems
True or False: Film mixes are intended to be as close to reality as possible. False
Created by: sticksmcfly