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IntroPsych-Chp7

Basic Principles of Learning

TermDefinition
Unconditional Stimulus (UCS) A stimulus that can elicit inborn response w/o any learning
Unconditional Response (UCR) An unlearned, inborn reaction to unconditioned stimulus
Conditioned stimulus (CS) Stimulus that comes to elicit responses as a result of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Response (CR) Response that is similar or identical to unconditioned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus.
Classical Conditioning Form of learning where a previously neutral stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) to elicit a conditioned response(CR) that is identical or very similar to the unconditioned response (UCR)
Operant Conditioning Learning where consequences of behavior lead to changes in probability of its occurrence.
Unconditional Stimulus (UCS) A stimulus that can elicit inborn response w/o any learning
Unconditional Response (UCR) An unlearned, inborn reaction to unconditioned stimulus
Conditioned stimulus (CS) Stimulus that comes to elicit responses as a result of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Response (CR) Response that is similar or identical to unconditioned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus.
Classical Conditioning Form of learning where prev neutral stimulus (CS) paired w/ unconditioned stimulus (UCS) to elicit a conditioned response(CR) that is identical/very similar to unconditioned response (UCR). Takes place because two stimuli are repeatedly paired together
Operant Conditioning Learning where consequences of behavior lead to changes in probability of its occurrence. (Learning from the consequences of our behavior)
Extinction Process of unlearning a learned response, because of original source of learning
Partial Reinforcement Effect Phenomenon where responses that have been reinforced on variable ratio or variable interval schedules are more difficult to extinguish than responses that have been continuously reinforced.
Response Prevention Prevention of avoidance responses to ensure that individual sees that negative consequence will not occur to speed up extinction of avoidance responses
Avoidance Learning The most difficult responses of all to extinguish are responses learned through what?
Insight Form of cognitive change that involves recognition of previously unseen relationships.
Harry Harlow Who showed that ability to solve problems insightfully is itself partially learned.
Learning Set Improvement in rate of learning to solve new problems through practice solving similar problems.
Albert Bandura Who termed 'modeling' which is defined as learning by observing behavior of others
Learning Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about through experience
Disinhibition Temporary increase in strength of an extinguished response cause by an unrelated stimulus event
Spontaneous Recovery Temporary increase in strength of conditioned response, which is likely to occur during extinction after passage of time.
Cognitive Map inferred mental awareness of structure of a physical space or related elements.
Insight A sudden cognitive change that solved problem. Form of cognitive change that involves recognition of previously unseen relationships
Created by: edarr