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ch 19 terms

therapeutic agents for the muscoskeletal system

analgesic a drug that relieves pain
antipyretic a drug that prevents or reduces fever
arthroplasty surgical reconstruction or replacement of a joint
bone fracture a break or rupture of a bone
bone marrow a fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones
cancellous bone a meshwork of spongy bone typically found at the core of vertebral bones in the spine and the ends of long bones; also called spongy bone
compact bone rigid bone, which makes up most of the skeleton; also known as cortical bone
cyclooxygenase (COX) either of two related enzymes that control prostaglandin production
euphoria a feeling or state of intense excitment and happiness
fascicles a bundle such as muscle fibers
gout a painful form of arthritis characterized by defective metabolism of uric acid
ligament a fibrous connective tissue that connects to bones
miosis constriction of the pupil of the eye
motor nerve a nerve carrying impulses from the brain or spinal cord to a muscle or gland
muscle fiber muscle cell
neuromuscular junction the junction between a nerve fiber and the muscle it supplies
opioid analgesic an analgesic medication that activates opioid receptors
osteoarthritis (OA) degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone
osteoporosis a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of bone density and poor microarchitecture
prostaglandin a mediator responsible for the features of inflammation, such as swelling, pain, stiffness, redness, and warmth
(bone) resorption removal of osseous tissue by osteoclasts
Reye syndrome a life-threatening metabolic disorder in young children of uncertain cause. Aspirin use may precipitate the syndrome
Skeletal muscle muscle that is connected to the skeleton to form part of the mechanical system that moves the limbs and other parts of the body
skeletal system the hard structure (bones and cartilage) that provides a frame for the body
spongy bone meshwork of spongy bone typically found at the core of vertebral bones in the spine and the ends of the long bones, also known as cancellous bone
subchondrial bone bone located below the cartilage, particularly within a joint
synovium a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid
tendon a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone
uric acid the water-insoluble end product of purine metabolism; deposition of uric acid as crystals in the joints and kidneys causes gout
Created by: DbaileyC



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