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ABNRML UNIT 3 2020

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Hnrs. Abnrml. Psyc. Assessment Test 2020

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "psychological assessment" mean where abnormal psychology is concerned? This term means "a process of testing that uses a combination of techniques to help arrive at some hypotheses about a person and their behavior, personality and capabilities".
What does the term "diagnosis" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis of its characteristic symptoms".
When do clinicians (such as Licensed Social Workers or Psychiatrists) assign a "diagnosis" to a client's behavior? Clinicians do this "if the person's behavior meets the specific criteria for a particular type of disorder, such as schizophrenia or major depressive disorder".
What does a "categorical approach to classification" assume? This assumes "that distinctions among members of different categories are qualitative - they reflect a difference in kind (quality) rather than a difference in amount (quantity)".
What does a "dimensional approach to classification" describe? This describes "the objects of classification in terms of continuous dimensions - in other words, how much of a characteristic an object or person has".
What does the term "stigma" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a stamp or label that sets the person apart from others, connects them to undesirable features, and leads others to rejects the person.
What does the term "labeling theory" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a perspective on mental disorders that is primarily concerned with the negative consequences of assigning a diagnostic label, especially how the diagnosis impacts how people thing of themselves.
What does the term "DSM-IV-TR" mean? This acronym stands for "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 4, Text Revision".
What is the purpose of the DSM-IV-TR"? The purpose of this manual is to provide a listing of agreed upon characteristics and symptoms that mental health professionals can use to classify and diagnose mental illnesses.
What are the five (5) axis in the DSM-IV-TR concerned with? Two of these are concerned with diagnostic criteria, the other three (3) provide for the collection of additional relevant data such as medical conditions, psychosocial, and environmental problems, & a global assessment of current functioning.
What is the difference between axes I and axes II in the DSM-IV-TR? Diagnosis on Axis I are characterized by episodic periods of psychological turmoil, while Axis II is concerned with more stable, long - standing problems (such as personality disorders & mental retardation).
What does the "culture - bound syndromes" glossary in the DSM-IV-TR? This is an inclusion in the DSM-IV-TR that addresses patterns of erratic or unusual thinking & behavior that have been identified in diverse societies around the world that don't fit into other categories in the manual.
What does the term "validity" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the meaning or importance of a measurement".
What does the term "etiological validity" mean/ refer to? This term relates to "the factors that contribute to the onset of a disorder". It relates to things that have happened in the past.
What is "concurrent validity" concerned with? This is concerned with "the present time and with correlations between the disorder and other symptoms, circumstances, and test procedures".
What is "predictive validity" concerned with? This is concerned with "the future and with the stability of the problem over time".
List two (2) of the problems/ limitations of the DSM-IV-TR. 1.) Included definitions are vague with regard to the threshold of what is "normal" and "abnormal"; 2.) There is no specific definition of "social impairment" in the DSM-IV-TR.
What is the most commonly used procedure in "psychological assessment"? "Clinical interviews" are the most commonly used procedure as far as this is concerned.
What does the term "Barnum Effect" mean/ refer to? This refers to "the practice of saying things about a specific person that are true of virtually all people".
Give one (1) example of the "Barnum Effect". One example of this would be a clinician stating that a client has "ambivalent feelings about their parents". This vague generalization can apply to nearly everyone.
List two (2) advantage of interviews as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) The interviewer can control the interaction & probe further when needed; 2.) A lot of information can be provided by the client in a short amount of time.
List two (2) limitations of interviews as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) Some clients are unable or unwilling to provide a rational account of their problems; 2.) Some clients may be reluctant to admit experiences that are embarrassing or scary.
How are "observational procedures" conducted? In these, the interviewer simply observes the client's behavior & records the frequency and intensity of specific outward responses.
What is one (1) thing that a clinician might record using "observational procedures"? The clinician might record the number of times the client taps their fingers nervously on the table during the interview as well as the intensity with which they do this.
List two (2) advantage of using "observational measures" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.)Rating scales are primarily useful as an overall index of symptom severity or functional impairment; 2.) Behavioral coding systems provide detailed info about the person's behavior in a particular situation.
List two (2) limitations of using "observational measures" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) Observers may make mistakes when using these; 2.) Clients may change their behavior - intentionally or unintentionally (this is called "reactivity").
What are "personality inventories"? These are "a series of straight-forward statements in which the responder indicates whether these are true or false in relation to him or herself".
What does the term "actuarial interpretation" mean/ refer to? This refers to situations in which a clinician analyzes the results of a specific test on the basis of an explicit set of rules that are derived from empirical research.
List two (2) limitations of using "personality inventories and self - report inventories" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) The usefulness of the traditional clinical scales has been questioned with regard to the ability to discriminate between different types of mental disorders; 2.) Specific data aren't always available for a particular profile.
List two (2) advantages of using "personality inventories and self - report inventories" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) Information provided on the MMPI-1 alerts the clinician to the possibility that clients are careless, defensive, or exaggerating their problems; 2.) The MMPI-2 covers a wide range of problems directly & efficiently.
What are "projective tests" where "psychological assessment" is concerned? In these, the client is presented with a series of ambiguous stimuli and asked to respond to them.
List two (2) advantages of using "projective tests" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) Some people are more comfortable talking in these unstructured situations versus structured interviews; 2.) These can provide an interesting source of information regarding the person's unique view of the world.
List two (2) limitations of using "projective tests" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) The lack of standardization in administering and scoring these is problematic; 2.) Little info is available on which to base comparisons to "normal" adults & children.
List two (2) advantage of using "brain imaging techniques" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) These can be used to rule out neurological conditions that might explain behavioral or cognitive deficits; 2.) These can help clinicians explore the relation between brain functions & specific mental disorders.
List two (2) limitations of using "brain imaging techniques" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) Norms have not been established for any of these measures; 2.) These procedures are fairly expensive & some must be used cautiously due to radioactive exposure the client will experience.
List two (2) advantages of using "psychophysiological procedures" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) These do not depend on self - report, and, therefore may be less subject to voluntary control; 2.) Some of these can be obtained while the client is sleeping or while they are actively engaged in other activities.
List two (2) limitations of using "psychophysiological procedures" as a psychological assessment procedure. 1.) Some people may be frightened or intimidated by the equipment & electrodes themselves; 2.) There are generally low correlations between different autonomic response systems.
Created by: sticklerpjpII