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Insomnia / Nerv Sys

ch 17, therapeutic agents for the nervous system - pharm tech

insomnia person experiences impaired daytime functioning due to a difficulty falling asleep (DFA), difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS), or poor quality sleep
medications approved to treat insomnia benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepines hypnotics, melatonin receptor agonists, dual orexin receptor antagonist, antihistamines and certain antidepressants
Special Note for elderly pharmacists do not recommend OTC sleep products containing diphenhydramine (i.e. Tylenol PM) because they may cause confusion and increase risk for falls
Restoril temazepam *benzodiazepine
Dalmane flurazepam *benzodiazepine (use with caution in elderly patients)
Halcion triazolam *benzodiazepine
Lunesta eszopiclone *nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics (CIV)
Ambien zolpidem *nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics (CIV)
Sonata zaleplon *nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics (CIV)
Rozerem ramelteon *nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics
example of a Melatonin Receptor Agonist for insomnia melatonin *OTC
Belsomra suvorexant *Dual Orexin Receptor Antagonist
Special note for Belsomra / suvorexant CIV
Benadryl diphenhydramine *OTC antihistamines for sleep
Unisom doxylamine *OTC antihistamines for sleep
Elavil amitriptyline *Tricyclic antidepressants with a sedating effect
Silenor doxepin *Tricyclic antidepressants with a sedating effect
trazodone misc antidepressant with sedating effect
Created by: DbaileyC



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