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Ch 17 terms

therapeutic agents for the nervous system - pharm tech

QuestionAnswer
Alheimer disease AD; a progressive form of dementia that affects memory, thinking, and behavior
Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder ADHD; a psychological brain disorder that affects the ability to engage in quiet, passive activities or to focus one's attention; attributable to a neurotransmitter imbalance
Autonomic nervous system ANS; the nervous system branch that carries out "automatic" body functions. It includes the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
blood-brain barrier BBB; a brain barrier that results from special permeability characteristics of capillaries that supply brain cells; the capillaries prevent certain solutes or chemicals from passing from the blood to the brain
Bradykinesia slowed movement
Brainstem a section of the brain consisting of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, which connect the forebrain and cerebrum to the spinal cord
Central nervous system CNS; consists of the brain and spinal cord; it coordinates sensory and motor body function control
cerebellum a structure posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata responsible for posture, balance, and voluntary muscle movement
cerebrospinal fluid CSF; a continually produced and absorbed clear, watery fluid that flows in the brain ventricles around the brain surface and the spinal cord
epilepsy a brain disorder marked by repeated seizures over time
extrapyramidal symptoms EPS; often result from taking antipsychotic medications and include parkinsonism, dystonia, and tremors
hemorrhagic stroke a stroke caused by a brain blood vessel rupture
homeostasis the body's tendency to maintain stability, as with body temperature
insomnia difficulty falling or staying asleep
ischemic stroke a stroke caused by a brain blood vessel blockage
multiple sclerosis MS; an autoimmune disorder that affects CNS nerves; it leads to hindered motor functions
Myasthenia gravis a neuromuscular disorder leading to skeletal muscle weakness
neuron the nervous system's basic building block and cell
Parasympathetic nervous system PSNS; the nervous system division outside the brain and spinal cord
Parkinson disease PD; a movement disorder with the classic symptoms of tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability
Peripheral nervous system PNS; the nervous system division outside the brain and spinal cord
polyneuropathy a neurological disorder that occurs when many nerves malfunction; it may include painful neuropathy
psychosis a mental illness characterized by loss of contact with reality. Psychosis may be a true mental illness; due to an underlying medical condition (eg. dementia or drug withdrawal syndromes); or induced by medications, recreational drugs, or poisons
schizophrenia a disorder characterized by inappropriate emotions and unrealistic thinking
somatic nervous system the motor neurons of the peripheral nervous system that control voluntary actions of the skeletal muscles and provide sensory input (touch, hearing, sight)
Sympathetic nervous system SNS; an autonomic nervous system division that activates during stress; the "fight or flight" response
tardive dyskinesia TD; a type of dyskinesia (unwanted, involuntary rhythmic movements) recognized as a potential side effect of dopamine antagonists (eg. phenothiazines, metoclopramide); the symptoms may continue even after the offending drug is discontinued
Created by: DbaileyC
 

 



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