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brain

parts of the brain

TermDefinition
central core the "old brain" that controls basic functions such as eating or sleeping
cerebral cortex the "new brain" responsible for the most sophisticated processes
corpus callosum bridge of fibers passing between the two cerebral hemispheres
thalamus relay center for cortex; handles incoming and outgoing signals
cerebellum controls bodily balance
medulla regulates unconscious functions such as breathing and circulation
hypothalamus regulates basic biological needs: hunger, thirst, temperature control
pituitary gland "master" gland that regulates other endocrine glands
endocrine system a chemical communication network that sends messages throughout the body via the blood stream
hormones chemicals that circulate through the blood and regulate the functioning or growth of the body
pons involved in sleep and arousal
reticular formation a network of neurons related to sleep, arousal, and attention
spinal cord responsible for communication between the brain and the rest of the body; involved with simple reflexes
limbic system part of the brain that includes the amygdala and hippocampus, and controls eating, aggression, and reproduction
sensory neurons neurons that transmit information from the perimeter of the body to the central nervous system
motor neurons neurons that communicate info from the nervous system to muscles and glands
interneurons neurons that connect sensory and motor neurons, carrying messages between the two
motor area part of the brain that's responsible for the body's voluntary movement
Created by: tiffels