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Rad Patho GI

TermDefinition
Accessory organs Food does not directly pass through them, but they contribute to the digestive process. The liver, gallbladder and pancreas.
Peritoneum Double layered membrane that covers the abdominal organs. Has a visceral and parietal layer in the abdomen.
Fistula An abnormal connection between two body parts.
Bile Fat emulsifying agent. Made in the liver, stored in the gallbladder.
Cholelithiasis Medical term for gallstone disease. Symptoms of this disease are nausea and vomiting. Treatment could include cholecystectomy.
Peritoneal Dialysis Necessary to patients who are afflicted with some form of kidney failure. Alternative to hemodialysis. Fluid is placed in the peritoneal cavity to filter blood vessels of impurities by osmosis.
Pancreas Organ that is connected to the duodenum. Secretes insulin.
Esophagitis Caused by cancer, reflux disease, etc. Inflammation of the esophagus. Treatments include: controlling reflux, surgery, steroids, or diet restriction.
Hiatus Hernia individuals with this condition may be asymptomatic (no symptoms), others may experience reflux disease or heartburn. Part of stomach protrudes above diaphragm.
Pneumoperitoneum Some of the causes are perforation of abdominal organs, cancer, surgery, ischemia, and bowel injury. A radiological sign could be air seen under the diaphragm on an erect chest x-ray. Describes a condition of air in peritoneal cavity.
osis Medical word meaning condition. Frequently used suffix that denotes a type of disease.
Achalasia Symptoms include weight loss, chest pain & food back-flow into the throat. Condition is diagnosed with endoscopy or upper GI barium study. Treatments include medical/surgical methods of increasing the stomach opening. Esophageal sphincter narrowing
Diverticulitis Some treatments include proper diet, antibiotics, quitting smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight. Inflammation of small pouches on the colon.
Peristalsis Involuntary relaxation and constriction of muscles within tubular organs such as the esophagus, intestines, ureter.
Mastication When you chew your food.
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Created by: colledgeisbs