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Head, Ears, Eyes..

BENCHMARK DRUGS

Generic NameBrand NamePharmacologic CategoryCommon IndicationsDosage formEssential Knowledge
timolol Betimol, Timoptic, Timoptic XE, Istalol Non-selective beta-blocker Elevated intraocular pressure ophthalmic Key Side Effects: ocular stinging and burning
permethrin Nix, Elimite Pediculocide Lice, scabies topical Key Side Effects: itching, redness, swelling of scalp
bimatoprost Lumigan, Latisse Prostaglandin analog Elevated intraocular pressure, eyelash hypotrichosis ophthalmic Key Side Effects: eyelash growth, conjunctival hyperemia, ocular pruritus, iris color change, periocular hyperpigmentation
latanoprost Xalatan Prostaglandin analog Elevated intraocular pressure ophthalmic Key Side Effects: eyelash growth, conjunctival hyperemia, ocular pruritus, iris color change, periocular hyperpigmentation
travaprost Travatan Z Prostaglandin analog Elevated intraocular pressure ophthalmic Key Side Effects: eyelash growth, conjunctival hyperemia, ocular pruritus, iris color change, periocular hyperpigmentation
dorzolamide and timolol Cosopt, Cosopt PF see individual drug components see individual drug components ophthalmic See individual drug components
chlorhexidine Hibiclens, Peridex Antiseptic Skin cleanser, periodontitis, gingivities topical, po Key Side Effects: dysgeusia, increased tartar formation, mouth discoloration, mouth irritation
benzonatate Tessalon Perles Antitussive Cough po Key Side Effects: sedation, nasal congestion, chills, chest numbness, bronchospasm Other Notes: do not break capsule because it may cause choking
clobetasol Temovate, Clobex Corticosteroid Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis topical Key Side Effects: burning of skin, dryness of skin, hypopigmentation, secondary infection Other Notes: do not use for > 2 weeks because it may cause adrenal suppression
fluocinonide Vanos Corticosteroid Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis topical Key Side Effects: burning of skin, dryness of skin, hypopigmentation, secondary infection Other Notes: do not use for > 2 weeks because it may cause adrenal suppression
triamcinolone Kenalog Corticosteroid Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis topical Key Side Effects: burning of skin, dryness of skin, hypopigmentation, secondary infection Other Notes: do not use for > 2 weeks because it may cause adrenal suppression
fluticasone Flonase Corticosteroid Allergic rhinitis intranasal Key Side Effects: nasal dryness, epistaxis, nasal burning, headache
mometasone Nasonex Corticosteroid Allergic rhinitis intranasal Key Side Effects: nasal dryness, epistaxis, nasal burning, headache
prednisolone Pred Forte, Pred Mild, Omnipred Corticosteroid Ophthalmic inflammation ophthalmic Key Side Effects: glaucoma, cataract formation, corneal thinning, secondary infection
azelastine Astepro Histamine H1 blocker Allergic rhinitis intranasal Key Side Effects: headache, nasal dryness, epistaxis, bitter taste
diphenhydramine Benadryl Histamine H1 blocker Allergic reaction, allergic rhinitis, insomnia po, IV Key Side Effects: drowsiness, constipation, xerostomia
hydroxyzine Atarax, Vistiril Histamine H1 blocker Pruritis, nausea, anxiety po, IV Key Side Effects: dizziness, somnolence, xerostomia, blurred vision, QTc prolongation
levocetirizine Xyzal Histamine H1 blocker Allergic rhinitis po Key Side Effects: drowsiness, constipation, xerostomia
olopatadine Pataday, Patanol Histamine H1 blocker Allergic conjunctivitis ophthalmic Key Side Effects: ocular burning, discomfort, dryness
promethazine and codeine Phenergan with codeine Histamine (H1) blocker and opioid analgesic Cough, cold po Key Side Effects: dizziness, somnolence, xerostomia, blurred vision, constipation, respiratory depression (dose-related) US Boxed Warning: concomitant use of opioids with benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants (including alcohol)
chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone Tussionex, Pennkinetic ER Histamine (H1) blocker and opioid analgesic Cough, cold po Key Side Effects: dizziness, somnolence, xerostomia, blurred vision, constipation, respiratory depression (dose-related) US Boxed Warning: concomitant use of opioids with benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants (including alcohol)
codeine and guaifenesin Robitussin AC, Cheratussin AC Opioid analgesic expectorant Cough, cold po Key Side Effects: dizziness, somnolence, constipation, respiratory depression (dose-related) Other Notes: Opioid-containing cough and cold products no longer indicated for use in patients <18 years of age
neomycin, polymyxin B and hydrocortisone Cortisporin OTC Topical antibiotics and corticosteroid Ear infections otic Key Side Effects: local irritation, itching, burning
brimonidine Alphagan P Alpha2 agonist Elevated intraocular pressure ophthalmic Key Side Effects: ocular hypersensitivity, drowsiness, allergic conjunctivitis, conjunctival hyperemia, ocular pruritus Other Notes: CI with MAOI therapy
dorzolamide Trusopt Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor Elevated intraocular pressure ophthalmic Key Side Effects: ocular hypersensitivity, burning, and stinging, blurred vision, dysgeusia
cyclosporine Restasis Calcineurin inhibitor Keratoconjunctivitis sicca ophthalmic Key Side Effects: ocular burning, stinging, and pruritus, foreign body sensation, hypersensitivity reaction
Created by: alyssaloren165
 

 



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