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MT100 chapter 8

Pulmonology

QuestionAnswer
Alveoli Thin-walled microscopic air sacs in the lungs that exchange gases
apex the top, the end, or the tip of a structure, such as the apex of the lungs or the apex of the heart
bifurcate divide in two branches or divisions, become forked
bronchial tree branched airways of the bronchi and bronchioles that lead from the trachea to the microscopic airways in the lungs
cilated epithelium epithelial tissue with hairlike processes (cilia) on the surface
erythrocytes RBC's
eustachian tubes the tubes that connect the middle ear and the nasopharynx. These tubes are normally closed but open durning yawning, chewing and swallowing to allow equalization of the air pressure in the middle ear with atmospheric pressure. (also called auditory tubes)
Glottis A slitlike opening through which air passes between the vocal cords
hemoglobin component of RBCs that transports oxygen to the cells of the body
homeostasis a relative constancy or equilibrium in the internal enviroment of the body. this balance is naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival
olfactory nerves signals the sense of smell
patent wide open and unblocked, such as patent airways
phrenic nerve nerve that extends through the thorax and provides innervation of the diaphram
pleural membranes double-folded membranes that enclose the lungs, comprise the visceral and parietal pleura
uvula small, soft structure suspened from the soft palate
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o throat
alveol/ alveolus
bronch/o , bronchi/o bronchus
lob/o lobe
pector/o , steth/o , thorac/o chest
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o air, lung
pneumon/o , pulmon/o lung
anthrac/o black coal
atel/o incomplete, imperfect
coni/o dust
hem/o blood
orth/o straight
ox/o oxgen
phren/o diaphram, mind
spir/o breathe
-al pertaining to
-plasty surgical repair
-scopy visual examination
-stomy forming a opening
-ar , -itic , -al pertaining to
-spasm involuntary contraction or twitching
-ole smaller
-ectomy excision
-scope instument
-centesis puncture
-logist specialist in the study of
-osis condition of
-ectasis incomplete expansion
-ptysis spitting
-pnea labored breathing
-ia abnormal condition
-metry measurement
-eu good, normal
-capnia in the blood
-phonia "voice"
Created by: stephtaylor