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OAB POS1041 Midterm Exam Study Quiz

Another term used to describe a country when discussing global politics is a state
A government that is an oligarchy can also accurately be described as a representative democracy. False
A key characteristic of authoritarian-style governments is a strong press and news media that is free to question and/or criticize the actions of the government without fear of punishment. False
In a government that is a true republic, governing decisions and public policy are made directly by the people. False
Business organizations that seek to make a profit are part of the private sector of the economy. True
Someone who works as a server in a local area restaurant works in the public sector of the economy. False
The U.S. form of government established by the Constitution is a pure democracy just like the democracy begun in Ancient Greece. False
One of the most important functions of a constitution is to guarantee economic equality to all of its citizens. False
If the United States was a unitary state instead of a federal state, there would be no division of power between the national government and the 50 state governments. True
The Articles of Confederation, which established the form of U.S. government that existed before the current constitution was written in 1787, created a confederate state that made the national (federal) government supreme over the state governments. False
The "Supremacy Clause" of Article VI in the constitution specifies that laws passed by state governments are supreme over federal laws. False
The 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which gives states "reserve" powers, allows states to ignore federal laws if they want to. False
Congress has the constitutional authority to pass laws, but no laws are legally valid until citizens get a chance to vote on them and approve of the laws passed by Congress. False
Congress and the legislative branch of the federal government are the same thing. True
Article I of the constitution creates the executive branch headed by the president. False
The right to bear arms is a right given to citizens by the First Amendment to constitution. False
Under the U.S. constitution, the three branches are considered co-equal branches of government. True
The House of Representatives and the Senate represent two different branches of the U.S. government. False
The "Reserved Powers" clause refers to the 10th Amendment
The "Enumerated Powers" of Article I of the constitution specify the lawmaking power of the Congress
The process of becoming a legal U.S. citizen, which is called naturalization, is determined separately by each of the 50 states. False
One of the reserved powers given to the states by the constitution is the authority to establish which religions can be legally practiced in each of the states. False
Federal grant programs are programs that provide federal financial assistance for specific purposes
Interest groups and political parties have the same goal, which is to win elections and make public policy. False
A political party's general values and policy objectives are communicated through its party platform
A member of Congress who introduces a bill is called a sponsor
Lobbyists are among the most powerful members of a political party. False
A person who lives in an area represented by an elected member of government is called that member's constituent
The purpose of primary elections is to select candidates who will represent their party in the general election
If a candidate receives a plurality of the vote, then it means they received at least 50% of the total vote. False
A third party is any political party that is not the Republican party or Democratic party. True
The 2nd Amendment deals with the right of Americans to arm themselves
The 4th Amendment to the constitution deals with the right of Americans to be protected against unreasonable searches of their private property or person
Liberals generally believe that if the government over-regulates businesses it will hurt business profitability and lead to a weaker overall economy and reduce employment opportunities, while conservatives generally believe that more regulation of busine False
Republicans are also known as Progressives. False
A politician who makes statements, or uses rhetoric, that is intended to appeal to people's fears and emotions instead of their reason in order to gain their political support is called a demagogue
When votes are cast in the Electoral College for president they are cast by Electors who cast their votes according to the result of the popular vote in their state
If a state awards all of its electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins a plurality of the popular vote in that state, this method of electoral vote allocation is called winner-take-all
Florida has ________ votes in the Electoral College for president. 29
There are 535 members of the U.S. House of Representatives. False
The lower chamber of the U.S. Congress is also called the people's chamber
It takes winning only a majority of the total 538 votes cast in the Electoral College for a candidate to win the presidential election. True
The first stage of the required two-stage process to amend the constitution is for the proposed change to be ratified by three-quarters of the states. False
Because every state has two senators, the U.S. Congress is called a bicameral body. False
A U.S. senator elected in 2018 will be up for re-election in 2024
After the process of congressional apportionment every 10 years when states do their redistricting, each of the districts created within the states represents a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives
The powers (authority) specifically given to Congress in Article I of the constitution are called the enumerated powers
The process of changing or revising a bill in congressional committees is called markup
Ending a filibuster in the U.S. Senate really just means ending the debate of bill so a vote can take place. True
Bipartisanship means that Republicans and Democrats are working together cooperatively
When legislative bills are being negotiated in Congress, if additional money is included in a bill to pay for a specific project in an individual legislator's district or state in order to get their vote in favor of a bill, this is what is often describe pork barrel politics wasteful and unnecessary spending of taxpayer money
President Trump is currently considered a "lame duck" president. False
In the process of how a bill becomes a law, a bill is voted on by ALL of the members of the chamber before it is debated. False
In the process of how a bill becomes a law, the procedures followed by the House and Senate chambers are very similar, but one of the major differences is that when a bill moves out of committee to the floor to be considered by the entire chamber, in the Rules Committee
As a check against the substantial power of the president to kill a bill by vetoing it, the constitution gives Congress the ability to override a presidential veto and have a bill become law over the objection of the president by Congress voting in favor of it by a two-thirds majority
The most powerful person in the U.S. Senate is the Speaker. False
The official name for "pork" that gets added to legislative bills is earmarks
If a committee of Congress conducts an investigation, it has the legal authority to force someone to appear before the committee and testify under sworn oath as a witness using its ________________, and if the person refuses they can be held in Contempt subpoena power
President Barack Obama after leaving office is now considered the incumbent president. False
In the second stage of the process to amend the constitution, the 50 states vote on whether to __________ the proposed change. ratify
Congress's implied powers, which are not specifically enumerated in Article I of the constitution, are derived from the "necessary and proper" clause of Article I section 8
In a presidential election, if no candidate wins a majority of the electoral votes in the Electoral College, then the election is decide by the House of Representatives
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