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Level F units 1-9

Cumulative Review

WordDefinition
approbation the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
assuage to make easier or milder, relieve; to quite, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
coalition a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
decadence decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgance
elicit to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)
expostulate to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
hackneyed used so often as to lack freshness or originality
hiatus a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
innuendo a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
intercede to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
jaded wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
lurid causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
meritorious worthy, deserving recognition and praise
petulant peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
prerogative a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
provincial pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area
simulate to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
umbrage shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
unctuous excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
transcend to rise above or beyond, exceed
ameliorate to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
aplomb poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity
ameliorate to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
aplomb poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity
bombastic pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
callow without experience; immature, not fully developed; loacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
drivel saliva or mucus flowing from the moukth or nose; foolish, aimless talking or thinking; nonsense; to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
epitome a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
exhort to urge strongly, advise earnestly
ex officia by virtue of holding a certain office
infringe to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
ingratiate to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
interloper one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
inveigh to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
lassitude weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
millenium a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
occult mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; to hide, conceal; eclipse; matters involving the supernatural
permeate to spread through, penetrate, soak through
precipitate to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to; characterized by excessive haste; moisture; the product of an action or process
stringent strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or biter to the taste
surmise to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; likely idea that lacks definate proof
abominate to have an intense dislike or hatred for
acculturation the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
adventitious resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenial
ascribe to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), atribute
circuitous roundabout, not direct
commiserate to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
enjoin to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authorative way; to prohibit
expedite to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate to make amends, make up for; avert
ferment a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
inadvertent resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
nominal existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
noncommittal not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
peculate to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
proclivity a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
sangfroid a composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
seditious resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
tenuous thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
vitriolic bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
wheedle to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
affable courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
aggrandize to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater
amorphous shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion
aura that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality
contraband illegal traffic, smuggled goods; illegal, prohibited
erudite scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
gossamer thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; a very thin, light cloth
infer to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply
inscrutable incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
insular relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience
irrevocable incapable or being changed or called back
propensity a natural inclination or prediction toward
querulous peevish, complaning, fretful
remostrate to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to
repudiate to disown, reject, or deny the validity of
resilient able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
reverberate to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
scurrilous carsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
sedulous persistent, showing industry and determination
sleazy thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable
amnesty a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
autonomy self-government, political control
axiomatic self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule
blazon to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely
caveat a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
equitable fair, just, embodying principle of justice
extricate to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
filch to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
flout to mock, treat with contempt
fractious tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable
precept a rule of conduct or action
salutary beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome
scathing bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
scourge to whip, punish severely; a couse of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism
sepulchral funeral, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal
soporific tending to cause sleep, relatining to sleepiness or lethargy; something that induces sleep
straitlaced extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical
transient lasting only a short time, fleeting; one who stays only a short time
unwieldy not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
vapid dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
anomalous abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
aspersion a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming
bizarre extremely strange, unusual, atypical
brusque abrupt, blunt, with no formalities
cajole to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises
castigate to punish severely; to criticize severely
contrive to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan
demagogue a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
disabuse to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking
ennui weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom
fetter a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains; to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent
heinous very wicked, offensive, hateful
immutable not subject to change, constant
insurgent one who rebels or rises against authority; rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on
megalomania a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality
sinecure a position requiring little or no work; an easy job
surreptitious stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
transgress to go beyond a limit or boundry; to sin, violate a law
transmute to change from one nature, substance, or form to another
vicarious performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another
austere severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor
beneficent performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good
cadaverous pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
concoct to prepare by combining ingredients
crass coarse, unfeeling, stupid
debase to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate
desecrate to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute
disconcert to confuse; to disturb the composure of
grandiose grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
inconsequential trifling, unimportant
infraction a breaking of a law or obligation
mitigate to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
pillage to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder; the act of looting; booty
prate to talk a great deal in a foolish or amiless fashion
punctilious very careful and exact; attentive to fine points of etiquette or propriety
redoubtable inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent
reprove to find fault with, scold, rebuke
restitution the act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage
stalwart strong and study; brave; resolute; a brave, strong person; a strong supporter; a strong supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position
vulnerable open to attack; capable or being wounded or damaged; unprotected
acrimonious stinging, bitter in temper or tone
bovine resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive
consternation dismay, confusion
corpulent fat; having a large, bulky body
disavow to deny responsibility for or connection with
dispassionate impartial; calm, free from emotion
dissension disagreement, sharp difference in opinion
dissipate to cause to disappear; to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagant in pursuit of pleasure
expurgate to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify
gauntlet an armored or protective flove; a challenge; two lines of men armed with weapons with which to beat a person forced to run between them; an ordeal
hypothetical based on an assumption or guess; used as a provisional or tentative idea to guide or direct investigation
ignoble mean, low, base
impugn to call into question; to attack as false
intemperate immoderate, lacking in self-control; inclement
odium hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy resulting from hateful contact
perfidy faithlessness, treachery
relegate to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish
squeamish inclined to nausea; easily shocked or upset; excessively fastidious or refined
subservient subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote some end
susceptible open to; easliy influenced; lacking in resistance
abate to make less in amount, degree, etc.; to subside, become less; to nullify; to deduct, omit
adulation praise or flattery that is excessive
anathema an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denounciation (often used adjectivally without the article)
astute shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom
avarice a greedy desire, particularly for wealth
culpable deserving blame, worthy of condemnation
dilatory tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt; intended to delay or postpone
egregious conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)
equivocate to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambiguous
evanescent vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy
irresolute unable to make up one's mind, hesitating
nebulous cloudlike, resembling a cloud; cloudy in color, not transparent; vague, confused, indistinct
novice one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)
penury extreme poverty; barrenness, insufficiency
pretentious done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably; making demands on one's skill or abilities, ambitious
recapitulate to review a series of facts; to sum up
resuscitate to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence
slovenly untidy, dirty, careless
supposition something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence
torpid inactive, sluggish, dull
Created by: hamslam