Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chronic Interstitial

chronic interstitial lung disease ch28

QuestionAnswer
Does it show a restrictive or obstructive pattern? It can show as either or both.
During the chronic stage what characterizes the general infalmmatory responce? Infiltration of numerous white blood cells and some fibroblasts in the alveolar walls and interstitial spaces.
What are the pathologic changes associated with chronic interstitial lung disease? Fibrotic thickening of the resp. bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoliGranulomasDestruction of the alveoliand adjacent pulmonary capillariesHoneycombing and cavity formationAirway obstruction caused by inflammation and bronchial constriction
What is another name for extrinsic alveolitis? Hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
What is extrinsic allergic alveolitis? Immunologically mediated inflamation of the lungs caused by the inhalation of a variety of offending agents.
What is sarcodosis? Multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology.
What is/are the manifestations of the lung in sacoidosis? Interstitial lung disease, enlargement of the mediastinal lymph nodes, or a combination of both.
How is sarcodosis diagnosed? Usually based on the clinical presentation, followed by confirmation with a chest radiograph and histologic evidence obtaained by biopsy.
What is another name for eosinophilic granuloma? Histiocystosis X
What characterizes eosinophilic granuloma? Numerous small interstitial granulomas scattered throughout the lungs.
Who are more prone to get eosinophilic granuloma? Smokers and ex-smokers between 20 and 40 years of age, and males more than females.
What is another name for pulmanary vasculitides? Granulomatoius vasculitides.
What is pulmonary vasculitides? Consists of a heterogeneous group of pulmonary disorders characterized by inflammation and destruction of the pulmonary vessels.
What characterizes Wegener's granulomatosis? Necrotizing, granulomatous vasculitisFocal and segmental glomerulonephritisVariable degreeof systemic vasculitis of the small veins and arteries.
Wegner's granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis fall under what category? Pulmonary vasculitides.
What is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)? Progressive inflamatory disease with varying degrees of fibrosis.
What will be seen in a severe case of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)? honeycombing.
What is the etiology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)? Unknown
What are the major entities of IPF? Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP).
What are the most prominent features of DIP? hyperplasia and desqumation of the alveolar type II cells.
What happens with the alveolar spaces? they get packed with macrophages, and there is an even distribution of the interstial mononuclear infiltrate.
What are the most prominent features of UIP? Interstitial and alveolar thicknig caused by chronic inflammatory cells and fibrosis.
What happens in severe cases of UIP? Fibrotic connective tissue replaces the alveolar walls, the alveolar architecture becomes distorted, and honeycombing develops.
Which has a better prognosis, DIP or UIP? DIP
What causes death in UIP and DIP? Progressive acute vetilatory failure, complicated y pulmonary infection.
What causes drug-induced interstitial lung diease? Chemotherapeutc or cytotoxic agents.
What is the etiology of drug-induced interstitial lung disease? Not known
How is drug-induced interstitial lung disease diagnosed? open lung biopsy
What is another name for collagen vascular disease? connective tissue disorder
What is a multisystem inflamatory disease that are immunologicaly mediated? collagen vascular disease
How does rheumatoid arthritis involve the lungs? 1)pleurisy with or without effusion2)interstitial pneumonitis3)necrobiotic nodules4)Caplan's syndrome5)pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary vasculitis
What is another name for Caplan's syndrome? rheumatoid pneumoconiosis.
What is systemic lupus erythematosus? multi-system disorder that mainly involves the joints and skin.
What is/are the pulmonary manifestations of SLE? 1)pleurisy with or without effusion2)atelectasis3)diffuse infiltrates and pneumonitis4)diffuse interstitial lung disease5)uremic pulmonary edema6)diapragmatic dysfunction7)infections
What is BOOP? connective tissue plugs in the small airways
What is associated with BOOP? connective tissue disease, toxic gas inhalation, and infection.
What are the clinical manifestations of chronic interstitial lung disease? increased alveolar-capillary membrane thickness and bronchospasms
What is/are the clinical data obtained with chronic interstitial lung disease? increaed RR, HR, cardiac output and BP.
What are the chest assessment finding with chronic interstitial lung disease? increased tactile fremitus, dull percussion note, bronchial breath sounds, crackles, rhonchi, and wheezing,
What are the radiologic findings for chronic interstitial lung disease? bilateral infiltrates, granulomas, cavity formation, honey-combing, airbronchgrams.
Created by: ruesca