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OABPOS1041 Quiz 3

OAB POS1041 Lesson 3: The Constitution and Federalism

QuestionAnswer
A constitution is a document that establishes the structure, functions, and ________ of government. limitations
The new U.S. Constitution in 1787 created a nation with a federal system of government. Under the previous Articles of Confederation, the United States had been a confederation-style government, which means: The national government was inferior in power to the states
Identify the three basic principles of the Constitution. Check all three boxes that apply. You must get all three correct in order to earn any points for this question. A system of checks and balances Separation of powers Federalism
Which statement below best illustrates the principle of separation of powers? one branch of government makes the laws, another branch implements and enforces the laws
In the Constitution's system of checks and balances, the president can check the power of Congress by vetoing a law passed by Congress
In the Constitution's system of checks and balances, Congress checks the power of the judiciary in two out of the five following listed ways. Choose the two that apply. You must get both selections correct in order to earn any points for the question. The Senate must approve all presidential appointees to the federal judiciary Congress can impeach and remove a federal judge for malpractice
In the Constitution's system of checks and balances, the judiciary can check the power of Congress by its authority to declare a law passed as unconstitutional
A system of government in which power is divided between the national government and state governments, like in the current United States, is known as federalism
While the United States and few other countries have federal systems of government, most countries in the world have ________ systems. unitary
Match each of the articles of the Constitution identified below to the corresponding functions of government they define. You must get all three selections correct in order to earn any points for the question. The information that you need to answer this question correctly is located on slide 3 of the Constitution & Federalism lecture (Part 2).
Congress's enumerated powers consist of all of the following EXCEPT Pardon those convicted of federal crimes
The enumerated powers of Article I, section 8 describe the constitutional powers given to the legislative branch
Amending the Constitution is a two-stage process. The first stage is _______, and the second stage is _______. proposal; ratification
The most common way to amend the Constitution requires a ______ majority vote in both houses of Congress and a vote of support by ______ of the states. two-thirds; three-quarters
The Constitution and the laws of the national government of the United States have ultimate authority over the states and their actions because of the _______ clause. supremacy
The stipulation in the First Amendment that prohibits the government from recognizing an official religion is known as the establishment clause
Which of the following is NOT a basic freedom stipulated in the First Amendment? property
Because the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights guarantees Americans the right of free speech, the government has not placed any limitations on what Americans are allowed to say or express. False
The individual rights guaranteed by the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments include all of the following EXCEPT: the right to bear arms
The reason that marijuana laws, abortion laws, and marriage laws, among others, can vary from state-to-state is because the reserve powers of the 10th Amendment allow states to make their own laws regulating the public health, safety, and morals of their citizens if those laws don't conflict with federal authority
Someone who is born in the United States is granted automatic U.S. citizenship regardless of their parents' citizenship status because of the 14th Amendment of the constitution
States have the authority to pass certain laws without interference from the federal government because of the powers given to them by the Tenth Amendment and its reserve powers clause
The part of the 14th Amendment that was used as the basis of the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision to legalize same-sex marriages nationwide was its guarantee of equal protection of the laws
Match each of the identified powers below with their appropriate classification within the federal system. The information that you need to answer this question correctly is located on slides 10 & 11 of the Constitution & Federalism lecture (Part 3).
Federal grant programs allow the national government to influence the actions of states in areas of authority reserved to the states, such as education, through the allocation of federal funds
Created by: PBSC eLearning
 

 



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