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CH 11 TERMS, comp 18

bulk repackaging and non-sterile compounding, pharm tech

API active pharmaceutical ingredient
beyond-use date BUD; date after which a compounded preparation should not be used, which is determined by the date which the compound was prepared
bubble pack or blister card a preformed card with 28, 30, and 31 day depressions that can hold medications; the medication is sealed into the pack with a foil card backboard; this type of packaging usually is used for long-term care medications
bulk repackaging the process by which the pharmacy transfers a medication manually or by means of an automated system from a manufacturer's original container to another type of container
calibration determining graduations (measurements) on a device such as a scale
compounding the act of mixing, reconstituting, and packaging a drug
compounding record (CR) the form that documents a non-sterile compounding process
cream a hydrophilic base
elixir a base solution that is a mixture of alcohol and water
emulsion a mixture of two or more liquids that do not usually blend using a stabilizing agent; the process of making an emulsion is called emulsification
excipient an inert substance added to a drug to form a suitable consistency for dosing
FDA acronym for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
formulation record (FR) a document similar to a recipe that is used in the preparation of non-sterile compounds
Good Manufacturing Practices GMP; federal guidelines that must be followed by all entities that prepare and package medication or medical devices
hydrophilic having a strong affinity for water; any substance that easily mixes in water
hydrophobic lacking an affinity for water; any substance that does not dissolve in water
mortar and pestle bowl and tool with a rounded knob used to grind substances into fine powder or to mix liquids
non-sterile compounding the compounding of two or more medications in a non-sterile environment (no clean room or hood is required)
ointment a hydrophobic product, such as petroleum jelly
oleaginous base an ingredient used in compounding that does not dissolve in water
periodic automatic replacement (PAR) levels minimum set amounts of stock that must be kept on hand
punch method manual filling of capsules with powdered medications that have been premixed
reconstitution the mixing of a liquid and a powder to form a suspension or solution
solute the ingredient that is dissolved into a solution
solution a water base in which one or more ingredients are dissolved completely
solvent the greater part of a solution that dissolves a solute
suspension a solution in which the powder does not dissolve into the base; the solution must be shaken before use
syrup a sugar-based liquid
triturate to grind or crush powder, such as a tablet, into fine particles
troches flat, disk-like tablets that dissolve between the gum and cheek
unit dose a single dose of a drug
unit dose packs or strip packs strip of heat-sealed packets, each packet holding one tablet or capsule; used in the bulk repackaging process
USP 795 general chapter defining practices and guidelines for non-sterile compounding
Created by: DbaileyC



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