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PSYCH FINAL EXAM P1

QuestionAnswer
This "Dilemma" explains why it makes sense for partners to betray one another if they can't trust each other. The Prisoner's Dilemma
The tragic death of Kitty Genovese sparked interest among psychologists in order to better understand this effect. Bystander Effect (or Diffusion of Responsibility)
If a group event causes its members to believe in their opinions even more strongly after the event, then the group has experienced this Group Polarization
This "type" of love tends to start slowly in a relationship, but it continues to build over time. Companionate Love
This hormone can make it more difficult to detect signs of anger or frustration in others, potentially leading to an increased chance for aggressive behavior to occur. Testosterone
This "error" says that most individuals have a tendency to explain their own behavior with situational attributions, but others' behavior with dispositional attributions. The Fundamental Attribution Error
This man demonstrated that a majority of study participants would obey a perceived authority, even if they thought it meant that they were electrocuting someone else. Stanley Milgram
In contrast to systematic persuasion, this form of persuasion tries to change a person's beliefs by appealing to their habits or emotions. Heuristic Persuasion
This can help explain why people sometimes smile unconsciously when they see someone else smiling at them. Chameleon Effect (or automatic mimicry)
According to this theory, changing your attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors so that your actions fit better with your beliefs can help reduce anxiety. Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Psychologists published this book to help standardize the classification and diagnosis of mental disorders. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)
Treating mental disorders in the same way doctors would diagnose physical illnesses refers to this model of diagnosis. Medical Model
This term refers to the negative associations and assumptions people often have towards those with mental illnesses. Stigmas
When an individual is diagnosed with more than one disorder at the same time, those disorders are said to be this. Comorbid
According to this model, individuals often possess biological predispositions which are triggered by stress when an individual develops a disorder. Diathesis-Stress Model
This anxiety disorder is diagnosed when an individual suffers from repeated panic attacks. Panic Disorder
For individuals with OCD, this term refers to a powerful urge to carry out a specific behavior in order to reduce anxiety. Compulsion
"Eccentric/Odd", "Dramatic/Erratic", and "Anxious" refer to the three clusters of these disorders. Personality Disorders
Mania and major depression are the two mood extremes of this disorder. Bipolar Disorder
This type of schizophrenia is often associated with hallucinations and delusions, which are often negative and cause someone to feel threatened or persecuted by others. Paranoid Schizophrenia
Freud founded this form of therapy, which became a gold-standard for the treatment of the mentally ill. Psychoanalysis
This approach to therapy believes that symptoms are simply bad habits or learned behaviors which can counter-conditioned (or re-trained) in order to treat a disorder. Behavioral Therapy
This form relies on Maslow's hierarchy and Rogers' client-centered approach in order to help clients achieve growth and live up to their own inherent potential in life. Humanistic Therapy
This approach combines two other schools of thought in order to create a therapy which relies on changing beliefs and behaviors in order to treat disorders. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
This type of therapy, known for social simulations such as the "chair technique", focused on living in the present and accepting responsibility for life choices. Existentialist (or Gestalt) Therapy
Created by: vinaluu45