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BI 6th Grade 100 SS

Mrs. Heald's 100 Facts 1- 50

The location of a point on earth's surface which can be expressed by a grid reference (latitude and longitude) Absolute Location
The location of a place in relation to another place (south or downhill) Relative Location
A geographic database that contains information about the distribution of physical & human characteristics of places or areas. The GIS collects data about places on earth, stores it & manipulates the info on command to answer questions & solve problems. Geographic Information System (GIS)
Satellite imagery consists of photographs of Earth or other planets made by means of aftificial satellites Satellite-produced images
Information gathering about the earth's surface from a distance (usually referring to the use of aerial photography or satellite images) Remote Sensing
the total output of a country or region, including all of its products and the labor of its people Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
the study of population statistics, changes, and trends based on various measure of fertitility (adding to a population), mortatily (subtracting from a population), and migration (redistribution of a population) Demography
Five Themes of Geography 1.Place:describes human & physical characteristics of a location 2.Location - absolute/relative 3.Human Environment Interaction: how humans adapt to & modify the environment 4.Movement:movement & migration across the planet 5.Regions: divides the world
B.C.E. Before the Common Era (aka B.C. before Christ)
C.E. The Common Era (aka A.D. Anno Domini - year of our Lord)
Biomes Large ecosystems made up of specific plant and animal communities interacting with the physical environment (climate and soil)
Boundary the limit or extent within which a system exists or functions, including a social group, a state, a country, or physical feature.
Site The specific place where something is located, including its physical setting (e.g. on a flood plain)
Rule of Law Principle that every member of a society, even a ruler, must obey the Law.
Situation the general location of where something is in relation to other places or features of a larger region (in the center of a group of cities)
Contour Map a representation of some part of the earth's surface using lines along which all points are of equal elecation above or below a fixed point, usually sea level
Map Key On any map this is the part that explains the symbols and shading on the map
Map Title On a map this usually tells you the type of information and the area covered on the map
Places Locations having distinctive characteristics which give them meaning and character, and distinguish them from other locations
Scale on maps the relationship or ratio between a linear measurement on a map and the corresponding distance on the earth's surface. Also refers to the size of places or regions being studied
Thematic Map A map representing a specific spatial distribution, theme, or topic ( e.g. population density, cattle production, or climates of the world)
Impact to have a direct effect or impact on something
Oklahoma's two Senators James Inhofe and Tom Coburn
President and Vice-President of the United States President: Barack ObamaVice President: Joe Biden
United States Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D. California (3rd in Presidential Succession)
Independence Day for the United States July 4, 1776
Democracy form of government in which political control is exercised by all the people, either directly or through elected representative (government run by the people, for the people)
Dictatorship a nation in which abolute power is controlled bya person whose position is not inherited.
Federalism governmental power is divided between a central government and territorial subdivisions. (Our federal government and state governments)
Representative Democracy a form of government founded on the principles of elected individuals representing the people, (think US Government - we elect President and Congressmen to "represent" our beliefs)
Republic a state or country that is not led by a hereditary monarch, in which people have an impact on its government
Buddhism the religion that began about 525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama in India, that follows the belief of reincarnation
Christianity religion that began in the 1st century in the Middle East among Jews that believed that Jesus of Nazareth was the divine Son of God
Hinduism The religion that began about 1500 B.C. in India that believes in many gods and in reincarnation
Islam The religion that began in 622 A.D. by followers of Muhammad, that also believes in one God called Allah? This is also the fastest growing religion worldwide today.
Judaism The religion that began about 1300 B.C. among the Hebrew people in the Middle East
Bill of Rights First ten amendments to the Constitution which limit governmental power and outline basic rights and liberties of individuals.
Checks and Balances Constitutional mechanisms that authorize each branch of government to share powers with the other branches and thereby check their activities.
Executive Branch of Government Branch of government that Carries out the Laws and handles the appointment of officials
Judicial Branch of Government Branch of government that Interprets the laws and tries all cases involving the government
Legislative Branch of Government Branch of government that makes the laws.
Judicial Review Doctrine that permits federal courts to declare unconstitutional acts of Congress, the executive branch of government, and the states.
Political Party Any group that seeks to elect government officials under its label.
Political Systems These are governments or the ruling bodies of the world's peoples.
Separation of Powers Division of governmental power among several institutions that must cooperate in decision making.
Consumer A person who buys and uses goods and services
Culture Learned behavior of a people, which includes their belief systems and languages, their social relationships, their institutions and organizations, and their material foods (i.e., food, clothing, buildings, tools, and machines).
Cultural Region Cultural regions are distinguished by such traits as language, politics, religion, economics, and industry.
Developing Country An area of the world that is changing from uneven growth to more constant economic conditions, & that is generally characterized by low rates of urbanization, relatively high rates of infant deaths & illiteracy, & low rates of life expectancy & energy use
Suburbs Suburbs are commonly defined as smaller residential communities lying immediately outside of a city.
Urbanization The movement from farms and villages to the cities
Created by: shaloam77