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Nat 5 Geography

QuestionAnswer
What does a developing population pyramid look like? thick bottom and thin top thick bottom and thin top thick bottom and thin top
If a country has a low % working in agriculture, is it developed or developing? developed developed developed
If a country has a high literacy rate, is it developed or developing? developed developed developed
If a country has a low literacy rate, is it developed or developing? developing developing developing
If a country has a high amount of doctors (per 1000), is it developed or developing? developed developed developed
If a country has a low amount of doctors (per 1000), is it developed or developing? developing developing developing
If a country has a low calorie intake is it developed or developing? developing developing developing
Name a human factor of population transport links government jobs
How does soil affect population? people prefer to live in areas with fertile soils so that crops can be grown to supply food where there are poor quality soils eg on steep slopes in Northern Scotland, few crops can be grown so less people live there few people live in hot desert areas because soil dries out and turns to dust, making it difficult to grow crops/keep animals
How does relief affect population? people prefer to live on flat, low-lying areas because it is easier to build on Upland areas are too cold and wet which makes it difficult to grow crops, so few people live therey Few people tend to live in mountainous areas because steep slopes make it difficult for machinery to operate
How does climate affect population? Many people prefer to live in temperate climates where there is enough rainfall to provide water rainforests have a low population density as they are uncomfortable to live in due to the humid climate few people tend to live in areas with extreme climates because areas like the Sahara Desert with very high temperatures and low rainfall make farming difficult
How does government affect population? industries locate where there is Government funding available, as a result, people move into these areas for work industries locate where there is Government funding available, as a result, people move into these areas for work population density in areas like Syria is falling as people are moving away because of prolonged war
How do job opportunities affect population? jobs in different industries in urban areas encourage people to move to find work cities such as Rio de Janeiro have a high population density as there are a variety of job opportunities jobs in different industries in urban areas encourage people to move to find work
How do transport links affect population? areas which are more accessible eg Central Lowlands of Scotland tend to have higher population densities places with good transport links attract people and industries which in turn creates employment opportunities, so more people live there areas which are more accessible eg Central Lowlands of Scotland tend to have higher population densities
Name a method to control a rapidly growing population china used the one child policy to help reduce growth some countries like Indonesia introduced more free contraception some countries use tax incentives to encourage smaller families
Name a method to control a slow growing population better paternity incentives eg. child benefits free childcare
Give a reason for high birth rate many families have lots of children so they can contribute to the family income when old enough and look after them in old age child mortality rates are higher so people have many children in order to ensure that some survive there is less use of contraception
Give a reason for low birth rate birth rates are also lower as women tend to choose to have fewer children later in life children are expensive to raise, so people have fewer free access to contraception
Give a reason for high death rate lack of healthcare lack of sanitation overcrowding
Give a reason for low death rate free/better healthcare healthier lifestyles eg. diet pension schemes and facilities to support elderly people for example, care homes
How would you answer a describe question in an exam? state a trend state an average state the biggest increases/decreases
What is global warming? the name given to the trend that average global temperature is rising the name given to the trend that average global temperature is rising the name given to the trend that average global temperature is rising
What is climate change? the name given to significant changes in weather patterns over a long period of time the name given to the trend that average global temperature is rising the name given to the trend that average global temperature is rising
Name a cause of HIV/AIDS unprotected sex with an infected partner contaminated blood fusion sharing needles with an infected person
Name a main weakening factor of HIV/AIDS malnutrition drug abuse poverty
Name a cause of climate change CO2 from factories/industry nitrous oxide from car exhausts volcanic eruptions block out the sun
What does a developed population pyramid look like? thin bottom and thick top thin bottom and thick top thin bottom and thick top
What sort of birth rate does a developing country have? a high birth rate a high birth rate a high birth rate
What sort of death rate does a developing country have? a high death rate a high death rate a high death rate
What sort of birth rate does a developed country have? a low birth rate a low birth rate a low birth rate
What sort of death rate does a developed country have? a low death rate a low death rate a low death rate
If a country has a high % working in agriculture, is it developed or developing? developing developing developing
If a country has a high calorie intake is it developed or developing? developed developed developed
Name a physical factor of population climate relief soil
Created by: Camzy