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Drug Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Opioid agonist, obtained from opium, less effective, ceiling effect, often combined with acetaminophen, more commonly used as an antitussive drug ADVERSE EFFECT- GI disturbance Codeine Sulfate
Synthetic opioid used to treat moderate to severe pain, patch for chronic long term pain management, parenteral injections, transdermal patches, buccal lozenges Fentanyl
Very potent opioid analgesic, extended release or oral deliver, difficult to crush Hydromorphone( Dilaudid)
Synthetic opioid analgesic, CAUTIONS) with use in elderly or those with kidney dysfunction, rarely used, not used for long term pain treatment, for migraine treatment or post -op shivering Meperidine
synthetic opioid analgesic , opioid of choice for treatment of opioid addicts in maintenance programs, prolonged half-life of the drug, cause of unintentional overdoses and deaths,cardiac dysrhythmias Methadone Hydrochloride (Dolophine)
Derived from the opium poppy, controlled substance, severe pain, oral, injections, rectal and extended release forms newest product Embeda Morphine
related to morphine, often combined with a acetaminophen or aspirin Hydrochloride
opioid antagonist, drug of choice for complete or partial reversal of opioid- induced respiratory depression Naloxone
opioid antagonist, oral form, used for alcohol and opioid addiction Naltrexone
little to no anti inflammatory effects, available OTC and in combination products with opioids Acetaminophen
First benzodiazepine drug to become clinically available, anxiety treatment, muscle relaxation, (oral, rectal, injectable,) Diazepam
Most commonly benzodiazepine preoperatively and for moderate, sedation. Injection for adults, Liquid oral dosage for children Midazolam
Intermediate- acting benzodiazepine, induces sleep within 20 to 40 minutes, recommended that patients take it about 1 hour prior to going to bed Temazepam
Nonbenzodiaze, First hypnotic to be FDA approved for long-term use, designed to provide a full 8 hours of sleep SLEEP WALKIG Eszopiclone
Nonbenzodiaze, similar to melatonin used as a hypnotic, for patients that have difficulty with sleep onset rather than sleep maintnence Ramelteon
Baclofen, Cyclobenzaprine, Dantrolene, Metaxalone, Tizanidine, Carisoprodol, Chlorzoxazone and Methocarbamol are all medications related to.... Muscle relaxants
Toxicity of acetaminophen Acetylcystein
Toxicity of Benzodiazepines Flumazenil
Toxicity of Barbiturates Charcoal
Drugs used to treat narcolepsy Amphetamine, Nonamphetamine,
nonstimulant drug used to treat ADHD, in children older than 6 and adults Atomoxetine
First drug indicated for ADHD also used for narcolepsy, extended- release dosage forms Methylphenidate
Substances that suppresses appetite used to treat Anorexiants
Nonstimulant drug used to treat obesity Oristat
Used to treat migraine headaches within two hours Serotonin
First-line drug used to treat seizures and is also a prototypical drug, slow IV 20 gauges or larger Phenytoin
Second most commonly prescribed antiepileptic drug used to treat seizures Carbamazepine
Most often used for treatment of neuropathy Gabapentin
Adjunct therapy for partial seizures with and without secondary generalization Levetiracetam
Break down catecholamines in the CNS primarily in the brain Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Selective MAO-B inhibitors are...…. Selegiline and Rasagiline
Antiviral used to treat influenza and dyskinesia indirect, causes release of dopamine and other catecholamines from their storage site, effective for 6 to 12 months Amantadine
prolong the duration of action of levodopa; reduce wearing off phenomenon, GI upset urine discoloration Catechol Orthro- Methyltransferase Inhibitors (COMPT)
Direct acting dopamine receptor agonists, inhibits the production of the hormone prolactin, which stimulates normal lactation Bromocriptine
Biologic precursor of dopamine required by the brain for dopamine synthesis, increase brain levels of dopamine Levodopa
Given with levodopa does not cross the blood brain barrier and prevents levodopa breakdown in the periphery Carbidopa
Ach is responsible for causing increased salivation, lacrimation (tearing of the eyes), urination, diarrhea, increased GI motility, and possibly emesis(vomiting) SLUDGE
Which drugs have the opposite effects of SLUDGE..... Anticholinergic
Anticholinergic drugs used for PD and extrapyramidal symptoms from antipsychotic drugs, CAUTION during hot weather or exercise Benztropine
Most commonly used as an anxiolytic, short term relief of anxiety Alprazolam
Long-acting benzodiazepine , relief of anxiety, management of alcohol withdrawal, reversal of status epilepticus, preoperative sedation, and as an adjunct for the relief of skeletal muscle spasms Diazepam
Used to treat bipolar illness lithium carbonate and lithium citrate Mood-Stabilizing drugs
Drug of choice for the treatment of mania; maintenance serum levels should range between 0,6 and 1.2 levels exceeding 1.5 to 2.5 begin to produce toxicity Lithium
First line of antidepressant drugs Tricyclic Antidepressants
Herbal products commonly used to treat anxiety or depression St. Johns wort, Herbal Prozac
For treatment of depression; also an aid in smoking cessation Bupropion
Most commonly used SSRIs treatment of depression and OCD Citalopram
Serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI) Duloxetine
Prototypical SSRI, may take several weeks to see a therapeutic effect Fluoxetine
Promotes the presynaptic release of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain Mirtazapine
Selectively blocks the dopaminergic receptors in the mesolimbic region of the brain Clozapine
Stronger effects than other amphetamines, pill , powder for injection or snort, crystallized for smoking Methamphetamine
usually prepared in a secret home laboratories , taken by pill, common Raves Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ECSTASTY or E)
From the leaves of the coca plant, snorted or injected intravenously, highly addictive, powered form (coke, snow, flake, blow, girl), Crystallized form smoked, (crack, freebase rocks, rock) Cocaine
Not legal in the US, (roofies, date rape drug) Flunitrazepam
More accurately known name for alcohol …….. Ethanol (ETOH)
Used to aid in smoking cessation Bupropion
Stimulates nicotine receptors Varenicline
Created by: KEYONTA
 

 



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