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Chapter 10

Analgesic Drugs

QuestionAnswer
Medications that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness Analgesics
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage Pain
Pain results from stimulation of sensory nerve fibers called? Nociception
Level of stimulus needed to produce the perception of pain Pain Threshold
The amount of pain a person can endure without it interfering with normal function Pain Tolerance
Sudden onset usually subsides once treated Acute pain
Assist primary drugs in relieving pain NSAIDs (non steroidal antiflamitory drugs)
Examples of adjuvant drugs for neuropathic pain Amitripyline (anti depressant) Gabapentin( anticonvulsants)
Assist primary drugs in relieving pain Adjuvant drugs
Three step analgesic ladder - nonopioids with or without adjuvant medication -opioids with or without nonopiods/ with or without adjuvants -opioids for moderate to severe pain (ex Nicodin Percocet)
Synthetic drugs that bind to the opiate receptors to relieve pain Opioid drugs
Name the mild agonists opioids (2) codeine, hydrocodone
Name the strong agonists opioids (7) morphine, hydromorphone, oxycodone, meperidine, fentanyl, methadone
When drug reaches a maximum analgesic effect and does not improve, even with a higher dosage it is called Opioid ceiling effect
Ability provide equivalent pain relief by calculating dosage of different drugs or routes of administration that provide comparable analgesia Equianalgesa
Opioids could also be used to treat..... cough center suppression diarrhea balanced anesthesia
Known drug allergy for Opioids severe asthma
Opioid adverse effects CNS depression, Nausea, vomiting, urinary retention, diaphoresis, pupil constriction (miosis), constipation, itching
What would you give a patient that has overdose on a opioid? Naloxone or Naltrexone
Opioid Interactions alcohol, antihistamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, monoamine oxidase inhibitors
Created by: KEYONTA
 

 



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