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antiviral drugs

QuestionAnswer
Who are immunocompromised clients - cancer clients - clients with organ transplants - clients with AIDS
how do antivirals kill or suppress viruses - Destroying virions - Inhibiting their ability to replicate
what are types of drugs that destroy virions - disinfectants - immunoglobulins
what types of viruses are controlled by antivirals - Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Hepatitis viruses (A, B, C) - Herpes viruses - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Influenza viruses (the flu) - Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
what are opportunistic infections - infections that would not normally harm an immunocompetent clients
what are antiviral drugs used for - treatment of infections that caused by viruses that are not HIV
what are Antiretroviral drugs used for - Used to treat infections caused by HIV, the virus that causes AIDS
what are the types of Herpes simplex viruses - HSV-1 (oral herpes) - HSV-2 (genital herpes)
what are the types of Varicella zoster virus - Chickenpox - Shingles
what are the contraindications for antivirals - Pregnant or lactating women - Children younger than 12 months of age - Patients with an eczematic rash - Patients with severely compromised kidney function Pre-existing hemoglobinopathies
what are the common adverse effects of antivirals - insomnia - nervousness - nausea
what are the commonly used antivirals - acyclovir - ribavirin
what is the common name for acylovir - zovirax
what is the common names for ribavirin - pegetron - copegus
what is the commonly used Neuraminidase Inhibitors - oseltamivir
what is the common name for oseltamivir - tamiflu
what is oseltamivir used for - influenza type a and b
what is the adverse effects of oseltamivir - nausea - vomiting
when should the use of neuraminidase inhibitors - within 2 days of symptom onset
what is the mechanism of action for fusion inhibitors - Inhibit viral fusion, preventing viral replication
what is the mechanism of action for Protease inhibitors (PIs) - Inhibit the protease retroviral enzyme, preventing viral replication
what is the mechanism of action for Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) - Block activity of the enzyme reverse transcriptase, preventing production of new viral DNA
what is the commonly used protease inhibitor - nelfinavir mesylate (Viracept)
What is the goal in HIV treatment - to find the regimen that will best control the infection with a tolerable adverse-effect profile
Created by: Eriklinzer
 

 



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