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AWA Chp 10

AWA Chp 10- From First Impression to Close Relationships

Propinquity Effect The finding that when we see people and interact with them more often, the more likely they are to become our friends.
The Mere Exposure Effect The simple theory that the more we are exposed to something the more apt we are to like it
Social Exchange Theory The idea that people's feelings about a relationship depend on their perceptions of the rewards and costs of the relationship, and the kind of relationship they deserve, and their chances for having a better relationship with someone else
Comparison Level People's expectations about the level of rewards and punishments they are likely to receive in a particular relationship
Comparison Level for Alternatives People's expectations about the level of rewards and punishments they would receive in an alternative relationship
Equity Theory The idea that people are happiest with relationships in which the rewards and costs experienced and the contributions made by both parties are roughly equal.
Compassionate Love The intimacy and affection we feel when we care deeply for a person but do not experience passion or arousal in the person's presence
Passionate Love An intense longing we feel for a person, accompanied by physiological arousal; when our love is reciprocated, we feel great fulfillment and ecstacy, but when its not we feel sadness and dispair
Evolutionary Approach to Love Theory derived from evolutionary biology-- men are attracted to women's appearance, women are attracted to men's resources because this maximizes their chances of reproductive success
Evolutionary Psychology The attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic factors that evolved over time according to the principles of natural selection
Attachment Styles The expectations people develop about relationships with others, based on relationships they had with their caregivers when they were infants
Secure Attachment Characterized by trust, lack of concern of being abandoned, the view that one is worthy and well liked
Avoidant Attachment Characterized by suppression of attachment needs, because attempts to be intimate have been rebuffed--- people with this attachment style find it difficult to develop intimate relationships
Anxious/Ambivalent Attachment Characterized by a concern that others will not reciprocate
Investment Model Theory that people's commitment to a relationship depends on not only their satisfaction but in terms of the costs, rewards, and comparison level-- also how much they have invested in a relationship that would be lost by leaving it
Exchange Relationship Relationships governed by the need for equity
Communal Relationships Relationships in which people's primary concern is being responsive to the other persons needs
Created by: meganschaeffer
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