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Anti-Hypertensives

QuestionAnswer
Anti-Hypertensives are... Drugs used to lower blood pressure through various mechanisms of action
Alpha Blockers Relaxes veins and arteries so that blood can easily pass through them
Hytrin terazosin
Cardura doxazosin
Beta Blockers Lowers blood pressure by decreasing the volume of blood pumped by the heart; thus slowing the heart rate
Toprol XL metoprolol succinate
Lopressor metoprolol tartrate
Tenormin atenolol
Inderal propranolol
Coreg carvedilol
Bystolic nebivolol
Betopic (Eye drops) betaxolol
Timoptic (Eye drops) timolol
Diuretics Decrease blood pressure by decreasing blood volume. There are several types of diuretics
Thiazide Diuretics Increase the excretion of Sodium and Chloride
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
Loop Diuretics Generate a larger elimination response than that of thiazides
Lasix furosemide
Potassium Sparing Diuretics Used alone may not cause potassium loss like other diuretics. Weaker diuretic that is often used in conjunction with other diuretics
Aldactone spironolactone
Dyazide hydrochlorothiazide & triamterene
Angiotension-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors) Relax the blood vessels and increases excretion of sodium and water
Vasotec enalapril
Altace ramipril
Lotensin benazepril HCL
Accupril quinapril
Monopril fosinopril
Prinivil lisinopril
Calcium Channel Blockers Block the movement of calcium ions into cell membranes and cause vasodilation
Procardia nifedipine
Isoptin, Calan, Verelan verapamil HCL
Centrally Acting Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers Used in patients with moderate to severe hypertension
Catapres clonidine
Created by: FutureKrow
 

 



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