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Comp 16 Drug Study

Comp 16 drugs Avalon Tech

TermDefinition
Anticonvulsants Reduce seizures by reducing the excitabilty of the brain's neurons
Dilantin anticonvulsant phenytoin
Tegretol anticonvulsant caramazepine
Depakene anticonvulsant valproic acid
Depakote anticonvulsant divalproex sodium
Antidiabetics These drugs do not cure diabetes but treat the disease and symptoms in various ways.
Insulin Replaces insulin not created by the pancreas in order to transport glucose in the blood stream into the body's cells where the glucose provides energy
Insulin * stored in glass vials, administered SQ, refrigerated, refer to manufactures insert for room temp storage.
Novolog, Novolog FlexPen Insulin Insulin aspart
Levemir, Levemir FlexTouch Insulin insulin detemir
Lantus, Lantus Solostar Insulin insulin glargine
Humalog, Humalog KwikPen Insulin insulin lispro
Sulfonylureas Increase insulin released by the pancreas
Sulfonylureas * Oral hypoglycemic, 2nd generations are most commonly prescribed.
First Generation Sulfonylureas Tolinase (tolazamide) Diabinese ( chlorpropamide)
Second Generation Sulfonylureas DiaBeta ( glyburide) Glucotrol ( glipizide) Amaryl ( glimepiride)
Biguanides Decreases the absorption of glucose and glucose output from the liver.
Biguanides * PO med available in tablet form and orla solution
Glucophage, Glucophage XR Biguanides metformin
Riomet Biguanides metformin oral solution
Thiazolidinediones Lowers blood glucose by increasing insulin sensitivity
Thiazolidinediones * PO med for type 2 diabetes, common ending -glitazone
Actos Thiazolidinediones pioglitazone
Avandia Thiazolidinediones rosiglitazone
Antiemetics These drugs block receptors in the chemo trigger zone, thus reducing nausea and vomiting (N/V)
Antiemetics* These drugs are available in various forms including tablet, chewable tablet, suppositories, and injections
Dramamine Antiemetics dimenhydrinate
Reglan Antiemetics metoclopramide
Zofran Antiemetics ondansetron
Phenergan Antiemetics promethazine
Agents for Gout These drugs work on treating different aspects for the disorder
Gout persistent presence of uric acid crystals in and around a joint. This build up causes inflammation and pain.
Colcrys (colchicine) treats or prevents symptoms of gout
Zyloprim ( allopurinol) decreases uric acid production
Anturane ( sulfinpyrazone) increases uric acid excretion
Krystexxa ( pegloticase) increases uric acid excretion IV Solution
Anti-Hyperlipidemics These drugs are used to lower high cholesterol and triglycerides
Hyperlipidemia disorder classified with excessive fat build up in the blood
Bile Acid Sequestrant These drugs prevent the reabsorption of bile back into the body thus leading to lower LDL and total cholesterol
Questran Bile Sequestrant cholestyramine
Colestid Bile Sequestrant colestipol
HMG CoA-reductase Inhibitor Statin These drugs prevent cholesterol from being synthesized
Crestor Statin rosuvastatin
Lipitor Statin atorvastatin
Mevacor Statin lovastatin
Pravacol Statin pravastatin
Zocor Statin simvastatin
Fibric Acid derivatives These drugs lower triglycerides and elevate HDL's
Tricor Fibric fenofibrate
Lopid Fibric gemfibrozil
Miscellaneous agents Reduces Cholestorol
Niaspan Misc. niacin
Drug any substance that can be used to modify a chemical process or processes in the body, for example, to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, enhance a performance or ability, or to alter state of mind.
Legend Drug requires a prescription
OTC Drug does not require a prescription, but may be sold behind the counter
Seizure sudden excessive, disorderly discharge of cerebral neurons.
Epilepsy type of seizure disorder that is associated with having experienced two or more seizures
Diabetes disorder of metabolism that involves glucose
Diabetes Type 1 autoimmune disease that leads to insufficient levels of insulin production by the pancreas, thus increasing glucose levels in the blood.
Diabetes Type 2 most common in the US accounting for 90% to 95% of all cases of diabetes. The body is unable to use insulin effectively and the production of insulin eventually decreases.
N/V often occurs in patients with GI disorders, motion sickness, chemo, general anesthesia, and inner ear disorders
Created by: roseoforlando
 

 



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