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PHARMACOLOGY

DRUG CLASSES W/ MAIN S/S

QuestionAnswer
BETA BLOCKERS LOL S/S MONITOR HR (CAN GET TO LOW) CAN MASK HYPOGLYCEMIA DO NOT GIVE TO PT W/ HEART BLOCK OR ASTHMA
ACE INHIBITIROS PRIL S/S : COUGH BRADYINA CAUSE DRY COUGH HTN HYPERKALEMIA ANGIOEDEMA CAN HAVE 1ST DOSE EFFECT: SYNCOPE
ARBS SARTONS LOSARTON, VALSORTON IF CANT TAKE ACE TRY ARBS
S/S OF ARBS ANGIOEDEMA (LIP SWELLING) NO IF HAVE RENAL ARTERY STENOSIS NO IF PREGNANT
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS DIPINES NIFEDIPINE FELODIPINE
S/S OF CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS PERIPHERAL EDEMA
PHENVLALKYLOMINES VERAPAMIL- S/S CONSTIPATION CARDIO SELECTIVE
BENZOTHIAZEPINES DILTIAZEM CARDIO SELECTIVE MAKES EVERYTING CALM DOWN
LOOP DIURETICS -SEMIDE FUROSEMIDE TORESEMIDE
OTHER LOOP DIURETICS BUMETANIDE ETHACRYNIC ACID
ETHACRYNIC ACID LOOP DIURETIC OKAY TO GIVE TO PT WITH SULFA ALLERGY
S/S OF LOOP DIURETICS LOOS E EVERYTING (K, CA) OTOXICITY: TINITUS
THIAZIDE DIURETIC DONT LOOSE K
TETRACYCLINES -CYCLINE DOXYCYCLINE
S/S OF TETRACYCLINES BONES, CALCIUM, CATIONS DONT TAKE WITH MILK/ ANTACIDS/ IRON DONT GIVE TO KIDS < 8 OR PREGNANT WOMAN PHOTOSENSITIVY NEVER GIVE IT EXPIRED CAUSE YELLOW TEETH
PENICILLINS -CILLIN AMINOPENICILLINS
S/S OF PENICILLINS COMMON ALLERGY ONLY WORKS FOR GRAM POSITIVE
AMINOGLYCOSIDES -MYCIN -MICIN
AMINIOGLYCOSIDES S/S VERY POTENT AND TOXIC WATCH PEAKS AND TROUGHS RENAL TOXCITY OTOTOXCITY: TINITUS
MACROLIDES Z-PACK -THROMYCIN AZITHROMYCIN, CLARITHROMYCIN, ERYTHROMYCIN
S/.S OF MACROLIDES P450 INTERACTIONS LEAST TO WORST> ACE> AZITHRO, CLARITHRO, ERYTHRO QT PROLONGATION GI DISTRESS C-DIFF
CEPHALOSPORIN CEF- CEPHALEXIN CEFTRIAXONE CEFAPINE CEFOTAXIME
S.S OF CEPHALOSPORIN CAN GIVE W/ PCN ALLERGY BUT THER E IS A 10% CHANCE PT MAY REACT TO CEPHALOSPORIN IF THEY DO HAVE A PCN ALLERGY DEPENDING ON THE SEVERITY OF THEIR PCN ALLERGY
FLUOROQUINALONES -FLOXACIN
S/S OF FLUOROQUINALONES ACHILES TENDON RUPTURE NO MILK/ANTACIDS: WILL INACTIVATE DRUG AND CAUSE GI DISTRESS PHOTOSENSITIVGY NO KIDS NO MYASTHASIS GRAVIS
ANTIFUNGALS -AZOLE KETOCONAZOLE ITRACONAZOLE
ANTIVIRALS VIR: ACYCLOVIR CIDOFOVIR TENOFOVIR
ACYCLOVIR FOR TREATMENT OF SHINGLES OR HERPES CAN CAUSE CRYSTAL NEUROPATHY
ANTIVIRAL - PROTEASE INHIBITIORS -NAVIR RITONAVIR, INDINAVIR SAQUIAVIR
SSRI -XETINE PAROXETINE FLUOXETINE SERTRALINE CITALOPRAM
S/S OF SSRI TAKE LONG TIME TO WORK 4-6 WEEKS SERATONIN SYNDROME INCREASE RISK OF SUICIDE DECREASED LIBIDO
BENZODIAZEPINES -ZEPAM= DIAZEPAM, TEMAZEPAM -ZOLAM= ALPRAZOLAM, MIDAZOLOM
DIAZEPAM VALIUM FOR ANXIETY AND SEIZURES
TEMAZEPAM FOR SLEEP
ALPRAZOLAM XANAX ANXIETY
MIDAZOLAM VERSAID INDUCES ANTESTECHA
TRIAZOLAM SLEEP
ANTIDOTE FOR BENZODIAZEPINES FLUMAZENIL
CAUTIONS WITH BENZODIAZEPINES ADDICTING CAN CAUSE RESP. DEPRESSION AND CNS DEPRESSION IF GIVEN TOO MUCH
SULFA CONTAINING MEDS SULF SULFAMETHOXAZOLE SULFONYLUREAS SULFA USED ALOT BECAUSE MEDS BIND TO IT EASY AND MAKE DELIVERY EASY
HMG-CoA INHIBITORS -STATIN SIMVASTATIN ATORVASTATIN PRAVASTIN
HMG-COA INHIBITOR CAUSTIONS WATHC FOR LIVER PROBLEMS
ANALGESICS -CAINE LIDOCAINE BENZOCANE BUPIVACAINE
ANALGESICS WORK BY ... BLOCKING SODIUM CHANNELS= NUMBNESS AND DECREASED PAIN IF PH IS ELEVATED OR PT HAS ACTIVE INFECTION THEY WILL NEED INCREASED AMOJUTN OF LIDOCAINE TO MAKE MED EFFECTIVE AND LAST
PROTON PUMP INHIBITIORS -PRAZOLE- MORE EFFECTIVE THAN H2 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS OMEPRAZOLE PANTOPRAZOLE
ARIPIPRAZOLE IS NOT A PROTON PUMP INHIBIITOR
H2 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS -TIDINE= ACID REDUCING DRUG CEMETIDINE RONITIDINE FAMOTIDINE
MASKS S/S OF HYPOGLYCEMIA BETA BLOCKER
CAN CAUSE RESP AND CNS DEPRESSION BENZODIAZEPINES
CAN CAUSE CRYSTAL NEUROPATHY ACYCLOVIR
DO NOT GIVE TO PT WITH HEART BLOCK OR ASTHMA BETA BLOCKERS
CAUSES DRY COUGH ACE INHIBITORS
COMMON SIDE EFFECT IS ANGIOEDEMA ARBS AND ACE INHIBITORS
DO NOT TAKE IF PREGNANT ARBS, TETRACYCLINES
CAUSES OTOTOXCITY LOOP DIURETICS , AMINOGLYCOZIDES ,
CAUSES YELLOW TEETH TETRACYCLINES
DONT TAKE WITH MILK FLUOROQUINALONES , TETRACYCLINES
CAN CAUSE QT PROLONGATION AND C-DIFF MACROLIDES
Created by: krystalcarey
 

 



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