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Lower Extremity OIAN

PT OIAN

MuscleOriginInsertionActionInnervation
Rectus femoris (quadriceps) AIIS Tibial tuberosity Knee: extension Hip: flexion Femoral Nerve
Vastus intermedius (quadriceps) Anterior shaft of femur Tibial tuberosity Knee: extension Femoral N
Vastus lateralis (quadriceps) Femur: Lateral linea aspera Femur: greater trochanter Tibial tuberosity Knee: extension Femoral N
Vastus medialis (quadriceps) Femur: Medial linea aspera Tibial tuberosity Knee: extension Femoral N
Sartorius ASIS Proximal, medial tibia ** Hip: flexion Hip: lateral rotation Hip: abduction Knee: flexion Femoral N
Gluteus maximus coccyx sacrum posterior iliac crest Femur: gluteal tuberosity iliotibial tract (connective tissue) Hip: hyperextension Hip: lateral rotation Hip: abduction (lower fibers also adduct) inferior gluteal N
Gluteus medius Ilium: Gluteal surface Femur: greater trochanter Hip: abduction superior gluteal N
Gluteus minimus Ilium: Gluteal surface Femur: greater trochanter Hip: Abduction and Hip: medial rotation superior gluteal N
Tensor fasciae latae Iliac crest Iliotibial tract (connective tissue) Hip: flexion Hip: medial rotation Hip: abduction superior gluteal N
Piriformis Anterior surface of sacrum Femur: greater trochanter Hip: Lateral rotation Hip: abduction Sacral plexus
Adductor brevis Pubis: Inferior ramus Femur: Linea aspera Hip: Adduction Hip: medial rotation obturator N
Adductor longus Pubis: pubic tubercle Femur: Linea aspera Hip: Adduction Hip: medial rotation obturator N
Adductor magnus Pubis: Inferior ramus Ischial tuberosity Femur: Linea aspera Femur: adductor tubercle Hip: Adduction Hip: medial rotation obturator N
Gracilis Pubis: Inferior ramus Proximal, medial tibia ** Hip: Adduction Hip: medial rotation Knee: Flexion obturator N
Pectineus Pubis: Pectineal line Femur: Pectineal line Hip: Adduction Hip: medial rotation obturator N
Biceps femoris (hamstrings) Ischial tuberosity Femur: linea aspera head of the fibula Knee: Flexion Hip: extension Sciatic
Semimembranosus (hamstrings) Ischial tuberosity Tibia: posterior medial condyle Knee: Flexion Hip: extension sciatic
Semitendinosus (hamstrings) Ischial tuberosity Proximal, medial tibia ** Knee: Flexion Hip: extension sciatic
gastrocnemius Femur: medial condyle (posterior) Femur: lateral condyle (posterior) Calcaneus (via the Achilles tendon) Ankle: plantarflexion Knee: flexion Tibial
Soleus Posterior tibia (proximal) head of fibula Calcaneus (via the Achilles tendon) Ankle: plantarflexion Tibial
Tibialis posterior Interosseous membrane (posterior) metatarsals (2nd-4th) tarsals Ankle: plantarflexion Ankle: inversion Tibial
Flexor digitorum longus Posterior tibia 2nd to 5th distal phalanges (plantar surface) Toes 2-5: Flexion Tibial N
Flexor hallucis longus Posterior fibula 1st distal phalanx (plantar surface) Hallux: flexion Tibial N
Fibularis brevis (Peroneus brevis) Lateral fibula (distal) Tuberosity of 5th metatarsal Ankle: eversion Superficial peroneal N
Fibularis longus (Peroneus longus) Head of fibula Lateral fibula (proximal) Base of 1st metatarsal Medial cuneiform Ankle: eversion Superficial peroneal N
Tibialis anterior Tibia: Lateral condyle Lateral tibial shaft Base of 1st metatarsal Medial cuneiform Ankle: Inversion Ankle: dorsiflexion Deep peroneal N
Extensor digitorum longus (LE) Interosseous membrane (anterior) 2nd to 5th middle and distal phalanges (dorsum) Toes 2-5: Extension Ankle: dorsiflexion Deep peroneal N
Extensor hallucis longus Interosseous membrane (anterior) 1st distal phalanx (dorsum) Hallux: extension Ankle: dorsiflexion Deep peroneal N
iliopsoas Lumbar bodies Lumbar transverse processes iliac fossa Femur: Lesser trochanter Hip flexion Lumbar plexus
Created by: ablack6394
 

 



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