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Anti-Infectives

QuestionAnswer
Anti-Infectives are... Drugs that can either kill an infectious agent or inhibit it from spreading. The four main classes of infectious agents are: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and Parasites.
Penicillins Eliminate infection causing bacteria. They are bactericidal (to kill)
Diclox dicloxacillin
Pen Vee-K penicillin V potassium
Ampicillin ampicillin
Ticar ticarcillin
Amoxil amoxicillin
Cephalosporins Eliminate infection causing bacteria (bactericidal). This group is divided into generations based on their improved activity.
Keflex cephalexin
Cefotan cefotetan
Suprax cefixime
Cefdinir omnicef
Teflaro ceftaroline
Monobactums Used to treat severe infections
Azactam aztreonam
Glycopeptide Used to treat intestinal infections that cause colitis
Vancocin vancomycin
Aminogylcosides These are bactericidal and effective against both gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms
Garamycin gentamicin
Nebcin tobramycin
Amikin amikacin
Macrolides These drugs are effective against a wide range of microorganisms and are primarily bacteriostatic (retarding bacteria growth)
E-Mycin & Ery-tab & E.E.S & Eryped erythromycin
Zithromax azithromycin
Biaxin clarithromycin
Tetracyclines This group is mainly bacteriostatic, but in high concentration can be bactericidal. They are also effective against both gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms
Doxycyl doxycycline
Sumycin tetracycline
Minocin minocycline
Tygacil tigecycline
Sulfonamides Kill bacteria by interfering with bacterial synthesis
Bactrim sulfamethoxazole & trimethoprim combination
AK Sulf sulfacetamide
Quinolones/Fluoroquinolones These are primarily used to treat UTIs
Cipro ciprofloxacin
Levaquin levofloxacin
Antituberculosis Agents These drugs are effective in treatment of Tuberculosis
INH isoniazid
Rifadin rifampin
Anti-Fungals This group of drugs is used to treat the more complex cell structure associated with fungal infections
Nystatin mycostatin
Gris-peg griseofulvin
Ambisome amphotericin B liposomal
-azoles This group of antifungals is used to treat various fungal/yeast infections
Nizoral ketoconazole
Diflucan fluconazole
Mycelex clotrimazole
Anti-Virals Many of these drugs work by inhibiting a step in the viral replication process. Used to treat cold sores (Herpes Simplex), Shingles & Chicken Pox (Herpes Zoster), Hepatitis, HIV, and other viral infections
Zovirax acyclovir
Famvir famciclovir
Viread (Treats HIV/AIDS) tenofovir
Retrovir (Treats HIV/AIDS) zidovudine
Created by: FutureKrow
 

 



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