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Vocab 2-1

World Geography

TermDefinition
migration the movement of people within a country or region
immigration the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.
emigration the act of leaving one's own country to settle permanently in another; moving abroad
pull factor a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
population distribution means the pattern of where people live
birth rate the number of live births per total population; often expressed per thousand population
death rate the ratio of deaths to the population of a particular area or during a particular period of time, usually calculated as the number of deaths per one thousand people per year.
demography the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations
infant mortality rate the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.
life expectancy the average period that a person may expect to live
population density the average number of people who live in a measurable area, reached by dividing the number of inhabitants in an area by the amount of land they occupy
natural increase the difference between the numbers of births and deaths in a population
globalization the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.
literacy rate the percentage of people who are able to read and write
census an official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals.
population pyramid a graphic device that shows gender and age distribution of a population
acculturation the cultural change that occurs when individuals in a society accept or adopt an innovation
culture the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed down by members of a group
culture hearth the heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to other cultures
culture landscape a geographic area the includes cultural resources and natural resources associated with the interactions between nature and human behavior
diffusion the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behaviors to different societies
spatial diffusion covers all processes that contribute to moves, to migration inside geographical space, and to backlash effects generated in this space by those moves
hierarchical diffusion A form of expansion diffusion in which an innovation gnc(or other phenomenon) spreads over space from large places to progressively smaller ones.
contagious diffusion A form of expansion diffusion in which an innovation (or other phenomenon) spreads across contiguous space after direct contact between the innovator(s) and potential adapters of an innovation (or other phenomenon).
stimulus diffusion diffusion in which one people receives a culture element from another but gives it a new and unique form