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Memory

Psychology

TermDefinition
Recall Retrieval of information (fill-in-the-blank questions)
Recognition Identifying items previously learned (multiple choice)
Relearn Learning something more quickly when you learn it a second or late time
Encoding The process of getting information into your brain
Storage The process of retaining information
Retrieval The process of getting the information back out
Parallel processing Processing many things simultaneously
Richard Atkinson & Robert Shiffrin (1968) Three stages 1. Sensory memory 2. Short-term memory (encode through rehearsal) 3. Long-term memory (for later retrieval)
Working memory short-term memory that is concerned with immediate, conscious, perceptual and linguistic processing
What are the two functions of working memory? 1. Active processing of incoming visual-spatial and auditory information 2. focusing our spotlight of attention
What information do we process automatically? Implicit memory -procedural memory (how to ride a bike)
Information processed automatically without conscious effort -space -time -frequency
Sensory memory Feeds our active working memory, recording momentary images of scenes or echoes of sounds
Iconic memory A fleeting sensory memory of visual stimuli
Echoic memory Fleeting memory for auditory stimuli
Explicit memory -Effortful processing -declarative memories
Implicit memory -automatic processing -nondeclarative memories
Created by: 2510490842379661