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Neonatal Reflexes


Babinski Reflex 0-12 months. Extension and fanning of toes with stroke of lateral foot.
Flexor Withdrawal Reflex 0-2 months. Withdrawal of extremity with sharp stimulus to foot/palm.
Crossed Extension Reflex 0-2 months. Withdrawal of lower extremity and extension of opposite extremity with sharp stimulus to foot.
Galant Reaction 0-2 months. Stroke to paravertebral line causes ipsilateral lateral flexion.
Moro Reflex 0-4 months. Sudden neck extension causes immediate shoulder flexion/abduction and elbow extension followed by shoulder extension/abduction and elbow flexion.
Primary Standing Reaction In supported standing, infant will weight bear and extend lower extremities. WILL PREVENT WALKING IF NOT INTEGRATED....CAUSES EXTENSION OF LE, WHICH PREVENTS FORWARD PROGRESSION.
Primary Walking Reaction 0-2 months. In supported standing, patient will demonstrate reciprocal walking with assisted weight shifting.
Neonatal Neck Righting 0-6 months. In supine, when neck is turned, the body will roll toward that same side.
Rooting 0-3 months. Stroke the perioral region and the infant will turn their head toward that side and open their mouth.
Sucking 0-6 months. Touch to lips, tongue, or palate results in sucking
Startle 0-6 months. Sudden stimulus (sound/light/cold) causes sudden jerking of whole body or UE extension/abduction followed by adduction.
Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex 0-6 months. In prone, Flexor tone. In supine, extensor tone. If it isn't integrated, it can prevent rolling and other movements.
Asymmetric Tonic Neck Reflex 0-5 months. Rotation of head causes Heisman pose; extension of face side extremities and flexion of skull side extremities.
Palmar Grasp 0-4 months. Pressure stimulus against palm causes it to close.
Plantar Grasp 0-9 months. Pressure stimulus to sole or lowering of feet to floor causes toe curling. MUST BE INTEGRATED OR IT WILL IMPEDE WEIGHT BEARING IN WALKING.
Placing reactions. 0-6 months. Drag dorsum of the foot or back of hand against edge of table to get placement of hand or foot on tabletop.
Pull to sit. 0-6 months. Pull baby by hands from supine to sit. Upper extremities will flex and there will be head lag till about 4-5 months.
Optical and Labyrinthine Righting Reactions. 1 month - throughout life. Tilt the body and the head will adjust in order to keep the eyes vertically aligned.
Protective Reaction Quick displacement of trunk causes protective reaction. 4 months - downward. 6 months - sideward. 7 months - forward sitting. 9 months - backward sitting.
Body Righting Reaction Acting on Head 4-6 montsh throughout life. Contact of the body with a solid surface results in head righting.
Body righting reaction acting on body. 6 months - life. Rotation of head/thorax results in rolling over with rotation between trunk/pelvis.
Landau Reaction 4-18 months. When infant held in ventral position, head and trunk will extend. (Think of swimming position).
Tilting Reactions 5-12 months throughout life. Shifting of base of support will results in lateral flexion of spine toward elevated side of support.
Created by: 575440088