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Logic 1 Chapter 4

Memoria Press 2nd Edition for GRACE

A sound argument means All premises are true/argument is valid
Can be defined as the act by which the intellect united by affirming, or separates by denying. Judgment
What are the two concepts that a judgement unites or separates? The subject and the predicate.
That about which we are saying something; the concept about which we are affirming or denying something. Subject
What we are saying about the subject; it is what we are affirming or denying about it. Predicate
A sentence or statement which expresses truth and falsity Proposition.
What are the three elements of Proposition? Subject-term, predicate-term, and copula
Logical form The form which a sentence MUST be in, in order to be handled logically.
What is the verbal expression of the subject of a judgment? Subject-term (S)
What is the verbal expression of the predicate of a judgment.? Predicate-term (P)
The word in the proposition that connects or relates the subject to the predicate; some form of the verb "be", usually "is" or "are". Copula (c)
Verbal expression of a judgement Proposition
What kind of sentences are NOT proposition? Questions, commands, exclamations, and greetings.
What are we affirming about the subject in the proposition, "Man is an animal"? That he is an animal (biologically).
In the sentence "Man is an animal," what two things are we uniting by affirming? The two concepts are man and animal.
How many words must the subject-term and the predicate-term have? A subject-term and the predicate-term can be made up of many words.
How do you determine whether a proposition is in the logical form? It is in logical form if the subject predicate and copula are easily distinguishable
What is the best way to change the sentence that is not in logical form into one that is in logical form? By reworking the predicate-copula portion of the sentence to make it more explicit
Created by: ticherie03