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Logic 1 Chapter 3

Memoria Press 2nd Edition for GRACE

QuestionAnswer
What is the definition of term? A term is a word or group of words which verbally expresses a concept.
What are two properties of the term? Signification and supposition are the two properties of the term.
What are the 3 ways that terms can be divided according to their significance? Univocal, equivocal, and analogous
What are univocal terms? Univocal terms are terms that have exactly the same meaning no matter when or how they are used. Examples-Photosynthesis, anthropology, the second law of thermodynamics, tables, phillips had screwdriver, and drill bit
Many univocal terms are what kind of terms? Scientific or Manufacturing terms
What does the term univocal mean? One voice
What are equivocal terms? Terms that, although spelled and pronounced alike, have entirely different and unrelated meanings.
What are some examples of equivocal terms? pitcher, plane, and jar
What does Equivocal mean in Latin? Equal Voice 'aequus' meaning equal and 'vox' which means voice.
What are equivocal terms frequently used in? Puns, the humorous use of words that sound alike
What are analogous terms? Terms that are applied to different things, but have related meanings.
What are some examples of analogous terms? window, wheel, and wooden
Where are analogous terms commonly used? poetry and literature
Why is it important to know about univocal, equivocal, and analogous terms in Logic? Logic requires an accurate and consistent use of terms. Terms must be defined accurately in order to use proper logic.
What are the 3 ways we can divide up terms according to their supposition? According to their verbal, mental, or real existence
When a term refers to something, as it exists verbally. Example-'Man' is a three-letter word It is material supposition
When a term refers to something, as it exists verbally. Example-'Man' has five notes It is logical supposition
When a term refers to something, as it exists in the real world. Example- 'Man' was created by God. It is real supposition
What are the the aspects of logic? Simple apprehension/Term Judgment/Proposition Deductive Inference/Syllogism
Univocal Terms that have exactly the same meaning no matter when or how they are used
Equivocal Terms that although spelled and pronounced the same have different and unrelated meaning
Analogous Terms that are applied to different things abut have related meanings
Material supposition The instance of a term that refers to verbal existence
Real supposition The instance of a term that refers to real existence
Logical supposition The instance of a term that refers to logical existence
Signification and supposition Are the two properties of the term.
Created by: ticherie03