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Semester 1 (Def.)

Definitions for selected herbal Actions & ex. herbs (Keith Feetham Jan 2006)

Adaptagen Increase (adapt) bodily resistance and vitality
Alterative Blood purifier --- Gradually restore proper function to the body --- Alter metabolism to improve tissue's ability to deal with body functions --- EX: Allium sativum
Anti-inflammatory Combat inflammation -- EX: Aesculus hippocastanum; Crataegus monogyna
Antirheumatic EX: Artemisia absinthium; Tanacetum parthenium; Zingiber officinale
Antispasmodic/Spasmolytic Prevent or ease spasms or cramps in the muscles --- EX: Mentha x piperita; Rosmarinus officinalis; Tanacetum parthenium; Thymus vulgaris; Zingiber officinale
Astringent Tightening of tissue --- EX: Aesculus hippocastanum; Inula helenium; Rosmarinus officinalis
Cardiotonic Beneficial actions on the heart and blood vessels --- EX: Aesculus hippocastanum; Allium sativum; Crataegus monogyna; Ginkgo biloba; Rosmarinus officinalis; Zingiber officinale
Cardioactive Have a beneficial affect on the heart and blood vessels --- Contain cardiac glycosides --- EX: Convallaria majalis
Cholagogue/Choleretic Stimulate the flow of bile from the liver --- EX: Berberis vulgaris; Rosmarinus officinalis
Diuretic Remove excess fluid by increasing kidney's rate of urine production --- EX: Convallaria majalis; Crataegus monogyna
Expectorant Accelerate the removal of bronchial secretions from the bronchi and trachea --- EX: Inula helenium; Thymus vulgaris
Hepatic Aid the work of the liver --- EX: Artemisia absinthium; Berberis vulgaris; Inula helenium; Silybum marianum
Nervine Strengthens the nervous system --- EX: Viburnum opulus
Stimulant Quickens and enlivens the physiological activity of the body --- EX: Allium sativum; Artemisia absinthium; Inula helenium; Mentha x piperita; Rosmarinus officinalis; Senna alexandrina; Zingiber officinale
Antitussive Relieves coughing
Emmenagogue An agent that induces or increases menstrual flow
Rubefacient Causing a reddening of the skin by drawing blood into an area
Bitter 1 Bitter principles aka Terpenoid lactones --- Act on bitter taste buds --- Act by vagal reflex to: Stimulate gastric acid; Stimulate biliary secretion; Improve tone of GI sphincters; Laxative
Bitter 2 Constituents: Iridoids; Monoterpenes; Sesquiterpenes; Alkaloids --- EX: Artemisia absinthium; Berberis vulgaris
Carminative 1 Eases discomfort caused by flatulence --- Action stems from volatile oils: These terpenes have a local anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effect on the mucous lining and muscle coats of the alimentary canal
Carminative 2 EX: Allium sativum; Artemisia absinthium; Mentha x piperita; Thymus vulgaris; Zingiber officinale
Demulcent Rich in mucilage --- Soothe and protect inflamed internal tissue --- EX: Althaea officinalis
Created by: klf