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Stack #31055

QuestionAnswer
Our knowledge of human development is interdisciplinary. What does this mean? Individuals from diverse fields have contributed to our knowledge of human development.
An orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts behavior is a: theory.
According to the lifespan perspective development is plastic at all ages
Rousseau’s theory, which regarded children as noble savages, stressed that: children are innately endowed with a sense of right and wrong and a plan for orderly, healthy growth.
Which of the following theorists emphasized the concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest? Darwin
In the normative approach to child study, researchers: take measures of behavior on large numbers of children and then compute age-related averages to represent typical development.
Which of the following theories is noted for its focus on the unique developmental history of each individual? psychoanalytic theory
Erikson’s psychosocial theory: emphasized that the ego acquires attitudes and skills that make the individual an active, contributing member of society.
During Piaget’s _____________________ stage, children’s reasoning becomes logical, and they develop the ability to organize objects into hierarchies of classes and subclasses. concrete operational
New evidence challenging Piaget’s theory suggests that he: underestimated the competencies of young children.
Which of the following theories is concerned with the adaptive value of behavior and its evolutionary significance? ethology
Evolutionary developmental psychology is the study of: the adaptive value of species-wide cognitive, emotional, and social competencies as those competencies change over time.
According to _____________, cognitive development is a socially mediated process. Vygotsky
To understand human development at the level of the microsystem, one must keep in mind that all relationships are: bidirectional.
Jennifer’s mother volunteers as a room mother. This connection between home and school illustrates Bronfenbrenner’s: mesosystem.
A researcher interested in the development of aggression in young children goes into a preschool. She keeps a record of all aggressive acts occurring during her time in the classroom. This is an example of: naturalistic observation.
Ethnography aims to understand a culture or distinct social group through: participant observation.
In a correlational design, researchers: gather information on already existing groups of individuals, generally in natural life circumstances.
In a study of the association between parental warmth and children’s mental health, an investigator finds a correlation of +.31. What does this correlation coefficient indicate about the relationship between these two variables? As parental warmth increases, children’s mental health also increases.
An experimental design permits inferences about cause and effect because: the researcher controls changes in the independent variable.
Created by: jurbanski
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