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PSY Ch 9+10

Mrs. Labore

QuestionAnswer
One common way to determine how much of a trait is due to genetic influences if to compare what kinds of twin pairs to what kind of twin pairs? Identical and Fraternal Twins
What does the newest verizon of the Stanford-Binet intelligence test assess? Quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing, and working memory
Who created a new intelligence test to measure adult intelligence? David Wechsler
What is self serving bias? The tendecney to make assumptions for our failures and our success
What is confirmation bias? The tendency to only look for information that supports your beliefs while ignoring informationor evidence that goes against what you believe in
What is rational choice theory? When we are given a choice between two or more options, we will choose the one that will most likely to help us achieve our goals
What is representativeness heuristic? When we estimate the probability of one event based on how typical it is of another event
What is hindsight bias? When people overestimate their ability to predict outcomes that couldn't possibly be predicted
What is analytic intelligence? Judging, evaluation, or comparing and contrasting information
What is fluid intelligence? Your raw mental ability
What is crystallized intelligence? Knowledge that one gains from experience, learning, education, and practice
Fluid intelligence is how quickly you can what? Learn new things
Who is credited with developing the first theory of intelligence? Charles Spearman
Who said "How intelligent are you?" Charles Spearman
What is deductive reasoning? Reasoning from general statements of what is known to specific conclusions
Linguists define human language as an _____ and _____ communication system? Open and Symbolic
What is true about visual representation, according to your textbook? The way we think after our brain creates images after an original stimulus is no longer present
What is a schema? A mental framework that develops from our experiences with particular people, objects, or events
What is a concept? A mental grouping of objects, events, or people
What is a heuristic? A mental shortcut method for making complex and uncertain decisions and judgements
What does the newest verison of Stanford-Binet test assess? Quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing, and working memory
In babies, the babbling stage usually end at around what age? 12 months
What is the central tenet of the nativist theory? We discover language rather than learn it
What is the conjunction fallacy? The error in logic that occurs when people say the combination of two events is more likely than either event alone
What does the bell curve of the intelligence mean? The vast majority of people are in that percentages regarding their IQ
What is the availablility heuristic? A device we use to make decisions based on the ease with which estimates come to mind or how available they are to our awareness
What are 3 kinds of strategies people use to solve difference kinds of problems? Algorithms, insight, and thinking outside the box
What is true of creative people? More integrated and balanced activity between their right and left frontal lobes
What is true of creative people? More activity in their frontal and parietal lobes of their brains than any other region
What is true of creative people? People usually come up with more ideas for a given problem than less creative people
What is true of creative people? Have difference personalitities than that of less creative people
What is cooing? When a baby starts to make its first vowel sounds
At what age is cooing common? Birth to 6 months
What is cooings purpose? Helps babies communicate to their care giver & strengthens their muscles
Where in the brain does human language production occur? Broca and Wenicke's Area
What is the linguistic determination hypothesis? Our language determines our way of thinking and our perceptions of the world
How did Skinner explain language development? Language exists because it is reinforced and shaped
What is visual imagery? Having a vision of an object that is now gone
How is visual imagery used? In our memories
What is a mental representation? A structure in the mind that stands for something else, such as an external onject or thing sensed in the past or future but not in the present
What are the stages of cretaive problem solving? Preparation, Incubation, Insight, Elaboration/Verify (PIIE)
True or False: Acquiring language involves natural abilities that are modified by the evnironment of the language learner. True
What is babbling? Sounds made as a result of the infant's experimentation with a complex range of phonemes, which include consonatnts are well as vowels
What is matrix reasoning? A test used to measure IQ that is cultural free
For what reasons did Chomsky advocate for the idea of a built-in LAD? It was easy and automatic for humans to learn very complex and difficult things: speak in complete and grammatical sentences
What is functional fixedness? A mind set in which one is blind to unusal used of common, everyday things or procedures
What is deductive reasoning? Reasoning from general statements of what is known to specific conclusions
What did Hoff postulate about language and environmental influences? Sociocultual forces shape language development, particularly the timing of vocabulary development
What is an availability heuristic? A device we use to make decisions based on the ease with which esitmates come to mind or how available they are to our awareness
What are the characteristics to the CHC model of intelligence? General > Broad > Narrow
What is the factor in general intelligence? G Factor
What are the intelligences listed in the broad intelligence section of the CHC model? Fluid, crystallized, general memory, learning, broad visua perception, broad auditory perception, broad retrieval ability, and broad cognitive speediness
What is inductive reasoning? Reasoning that draws general conclusions from specific evidence
Who is credited with developing the first test of intelligence? Binet
Language is defined as being "open". What does that mean? Language can be dynamic and can change
What is deductive reasoning? Reasoning from general statements of what is known to specific conclusions
What skills contribute to critical thinking? Question, evaluate, and analyze information and to form sound opinions based on evidence
What is mental reprsentation? A structure in the mind that stand for something else, such as an external object or things sensed in the pasts or future but not in the present
In the context of critical thinking, what step is the starting point of scientific thinking? Questioning
What is convergent thinking? Problems that have known solutions and require analytic thinking and the use of learned strategies and knowledge to come up with the correct answers
What is a representativeness heuristic? When we estimate the probability of one even based on how typical it is of another event
Which linguist discussed in your book argues that humas are born with an innate, biologically based capacity to acquire language? Chomsky
What is true about linguistic relativism? The influence of language on thought
What is an availability heuristic? A device we use to make decisions based on how the ease with which estimates come to mind or how available they are to our awareness
What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis? Language creates thought as much as thought creates language
True or False: Openness to experience is a personality trait commonly found among highly creative individuals. True
Created by: delainaxrepola