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Pathology Midterm

disease abnormal condition that negatively affectd the structure of functin of all or part of an organ
syndrome a group of signs and symptoms that characterize a specific disease
asymptomatic does not produce symptoms in the early stages
epidemiology investagation of a disease in a large group ( done by CDC)
morbidity rate amount of sickness that interfears with a persons normal routine
neoplastic disease new or abnormal tissue growth (mass)
bengin non cancerious
malignanat cancerious
Staging of cancer T Tumor N node lymph node involvement M metastise after M 1,2,3,4, 4 is usually death
latrogenic Reactions that occurred due to adverse reactions to medical treatment itself collapsed lung during line Placement
Congenital Present at birth
Hereditary Transmitted from either parent
Degenerative disease causes by Deterioration of the body
Metabolic disease sum of all physical and chemical processes in the body
sclerotic Additive disease a disease that increases body tissue
lytic/destructive Subtractive disease decreases body tissue
edema Abnormal accumulation of fluid in certain tissue
Pulmonary edema Excessive fluid in lungs Usually Underlining heart problem
empyema (m-pie-ema) Pus in the plural space
pneumonectomy Surgical removal of a lung or part of a lung
acities The Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity Ascites can also manifest as a result of cancers
Osteomyelitis Inflammation of a bone or bone marrow due to infection
hydrocephalus Excesos CSF buildup within the ventricles of the brain
Atrophy Process gradual breakdown of muscle tissue due to non use
Emaciation Extreme weight loss wasting
Emphysema Lung condition that causes SOB the air sacs in the lungs are damaged
Pneumothorax Air leaks into the space between your lungs and chest wall CAUSING A COLLAPSED LUNG
How many bones does the axial skeleton contains 80
What does the axial skeleton consists spine skull thorax
How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton 126
What does the appendicular skeleton consists Upper and lower extremities shoulder girdle pelvic girdle
Name the end of a long bone epiphysis
Name the shaft of a long bone Diaphysis
anencephaly (ann-e-sef-a lee) Congenital abnormality in the brain where the cranial vault does not form
RA Chronic autoimmune disease that may fluctuate in severities usually occurs between the ages of 30 to 40 and 3 x more common in women
Osteoarthritis Most common type of arthritis a.k.a. degenerative disease and DJD
osteosarcoma Except for myeloma most common primary malignancy of the skeleton which arises from osteoblast
Osteoclast breaks bone down
Osteoblast cells that make bones / builds them up
Ventilation Movement of air in and out of the lungs
Diffusion Gas exchange between Lungs and the circulatory system
what consists of the upper respiratory tract Nose Nasopharynx mouth Oropharynx larynx Larynopharynx
What consists of the lower respiratory track Trachea bronchia Alveoli lungs
define pleura Flattened air sacs of the serious membrane around each lung
parietal pleura outer layer
visceral pleura inner lung covering
What is contained in the mediastinum thymus gland thyroid trachea heart great vessels esophagus
Miliary TB Resembles millet seeds large numbers of bacteria are carried throughout him
Pulmonary TB caused by mycobacterium Generally affects the lungs
pheumococcal Pneumonia Most common bacteria and pneumonia generally affects the alveoli of an entire lung without affecting the bronchia
Bronchogenic carcinoma: Answer the following how common is it what % does it account for what age does it affect where does it arise near Most common fatal primary malignancy in the US accounts for over 90% of all lung tumors affects ages 45 to 70 Arises near the Hilar
Subcutaneous emphysema Air trapped in the mediastinum
How long is the alimentary track approx 30 feet
what does the alimentary tract consist of 6 things Esophagus Mouth pharynx stomach small and large intestine
Where does the alimentary track begin and end mouth to anus
How long is he esophagus 10 inches
Where does the esophagus end Stomach
Where does the esophagus originate C6
What are the fold in the stomach called Rugae
What are the divisions of the stomach Fundus body pylorus
What are the layers of the stomach Mucosa submucosa muscularis serosa
What is the inner layer of the stomach mucosa
What is that outer layer of the stomach serosa
How long and wide is the small intestine 20 feet long 2 cm in diameter
What are the divisions of the small intestine duodenum - shortest jejunum - feathery ileum
Diseases that generally require a decrease in exposure techniques are considered what Destructive subtractive and lytic
This study and course of disease is called what Pathology
What does prognosis refer to The predicted course and outcome of a disease
What is osteoporosis considered A subtractive disease
True or false early pulmonary tuberculosis is always symptomatic false
True or false small cell carcinoma has a much higher mortality rate than other bronchialgenic cancers true
The upper respiratory system includes which of the following 1. larynx 2. oral nasopharynx 3.trachea 1 and 2 only
Low oxygen levels within the arterial blood and resulting from a failure of gas exchange function best describes what hypoxemia
The most common Lethal nosocomial infection in the United States is what Pneumonia
What pathology is the most common fatal primary malignancy in the United States accounting for 90% of lung tumors Bronchialgenic carcinoma
What is pleural effusion described as Excessive fluid collects in the plural cavity
Sinusitis is considered a ________pathologic condition additive
True or false The use of ultrasound over other imaging modality in evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract Provides the opportunity to biopsy during the sonographic procedure true
True or false small bowel barium studies are the most common means of identifying small bowel Neoplasma false
Colorectal cancer's are the a. first b. second c. third d. sixth most common gastrointestinal cancers in the United States a. first
What is currently the standard imaging procedure for staging superficial rectal carcinomas Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
True or false esophageal varices are best demonstrated in upright position because the lack of gravity in a recumbent position causes poor visualization false
What percent of gallstones are composed of a mixture of cholesterol billirubin and calcium salts 80
The majority of adenocarcinomas occur in the ______of the pancreas head
How is hepatitis B HBV transmitted parenterally in infected serum or blood products
Where can gallstones be found In the gallbladder or anywhere in the biliary tree
Which hepatitis is transmitted from the G.I. track in fecal material HAV
How long is the large intestine Five feet
What are the divisions of the large intestine cecum , colon, rectum, anal canal
What is the hepatobilary system composed of LGB Liver gallbladder bilary tree
What is the largest organ in the body Liver
What is the major function of bile aides and digestion of fat or breaking down fat Globulus As well as absorption of fats following the digestion
What is the function of the gallbladder Store and concentrate bile
Which organ has both an endocrine and exocrine function Pancreas
Define hernia Protrusion of a loop of bowel through a small opening
Define hiatal hernia Weakness of esophageal hiatus permits portion of the stomach to herniate into the thoracic cavity
Define volvulus Twisting of bowel loop usually at sigmoid or ileocecal junction
intussusception Telescoping appears as a coiled spring
What is gall stones made out of Crystallize bile pigment and calcium salt
what is Gerd Chronic digestive disease where liquid content of the stomach refluxes into the esophagus
What is peptic ulcer hole in the lining of the small intestine, lower esophagus, stomach OR outside the stomach
What is ulcerative colitis Inflammatory bowel disease affects innermost lining of the large intestine and rectum
what is alchalasia Difficult for food to pass into your stomach
What is viral hepatitis Infection that causes inflammation and damage to liver
Define jaundice Yellow tint to skin and eyes caused by excessive bilirubin Which is a substance created when RBC breaks down
cholelithiasis (cole la lith si a sis) Formation of gallstones
What is the pancreas responsible for 1. Exocrine Helps and digestion 2. endocrine produces hormones And insulin
Hepatitis C Viral infection that causes inflammation and damage to the liver silent infection prevention with a vaccine spreads for blood
Hepatitis B Liver infection spread through sex and needles
esophageal atresia The Esophagus does not develop normally occurs before birth
Imperfecturate anus narrowing of anus or no anus
Created by: knt5411