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# Formulas

### temp conversions and pediatric doses

Farenheit to Celsius °C = (F°-32)÷1.8
Celsius to Farenheit F°=(1.8C)+32
Young's Rule *knowing the child's age in years - 1 year of age to 12 years of age (age of child/age of child + 12) x (average adult dose)
Clark's Rule *knowing the child's weight in pounds (weight of child / 150) x (average adult dose)
Fried's Rule *infants up to 12 months (age in months / 150) x (adult dose)
Clark's Rule being phased out because the average adult now weighs more than 150 lbs
Tech alert for pediatric doses if the manufacturer has a suggested amount for a pediatric dose, that dose should always be used!
pediatric doses age is no longer considered a valid criterion for determining pediatric dosing, but a tech should still be aware of the formulas
tech alert pediatric dosing rules are approximate answers and should not be used with medications that have a narrow therapeutic range - one in which there is little difference between therapeutic and toxic levels
calculating medication doses by body surface area (BSA) an amount per square meter (m2) provide the most accurate determination of therapeutic doses because they are based on weight and height
BSA calculations often used for pediatric patients, elderly persons, and when dosing toxic medications such as chemotherapeutics
Created by: DbaileyC

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