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Pharmacology+

Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
What are the indications of Benzodiazepines? Anxiety, Seizures, Sedation, Muscle Relaxation
What is the official name guide? The U.S Pharmacopeia
What drugs can you put down an E.T tube? Narcan, Atropine, Vasopressin, Epinephrine, Lidocaine
What is Pharmacokinetics? The study of the basic processes that determine the duration and intensity of a drugs effect. Thesse four processes are absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and elimination.
What is Pharmacodynamic? When we consider a drugs pharmacodynamics, or effects on the body, we are specifically interested in its mechanisms of action and the relationship between its concentration and its effect.
What is enteral? the enteral route is the delivery of medication to be absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract.
What is parenteral? Parenteral route denotes the administration of medication outside the gastrointestinal tract.
How is a drug packaged? capsules coated in gelatin Pill perfect spheres Tablet circle but flat on two sides
What routes are Parenteral routes? Intradermal injection, Subcutaneous injection, Intramuscular injection, Intravenous access, Intraosseous infusion, Subcutaneous, Inhaled/nebulized, Topical, Transdermal, Nasal
What are the Enteral routes? Oral, Gastric tube, Rectal, Sublingual, Buccal
Do Beta 2 receptor sites affect the heart? They dont
What is antagonist for benzodiazepines? Flumazenil
What is a competitive antagonist? It binds to the same site as the agonist but does not activate it, thus it blocks the agonist. And, this process is irreversibleā€¦ if you give enough agonist, it will NOT overpower the antagonist.
What is a non-competitive antagonist? It binds to the same site as the agonist but does not activate it, thus it blocks the agonist. However, this process is reversible; if you give enough agonist, then it will overpower the antagonist.
What does dopamine do when taking stimulants? Increases Dopamine
Caffeine and diphre
What are the two types of nervous systems in the autonomic nervous system? Sympathetic and parasympthatic
Give Benadryl
What is the maximum amount of cc in the Deltoid? 1cc
How much cc in SQ form? 0.5cc
How many cc maximum in the glutes and thighs? 5cc
what is Digoxin used for? Anti dysrhythmic made from foxglove
Which neurotransmitter affects both sympathetic and parasympathetic systems? Acetylcholine
What can you expect in muscarinic stimulation of the heart?
What cranial nerve does acetylcholine come out of? 10th Cranial Nerve
What not to eat when on MOAIs? Cheese and wine
What does a mucolytic do? breaks down mucous
what is an antitussin Anticough
What does expectorant mean? helps cough to take out of lungs
What is seen with digoxin toxicity? It has a narrow window of therapeutic doseage. If overdosed it causes heart rate to slow down and causes tint in the eyes
What is the fastest route? rectal
Do lipid soluble drugs or water soluble drugs pass through the blood brain barrier? Lipid Soluble
What drugs are derived from plants? Morphine, Atropine, Heroin, Codeine and Digoxin
What drugs are derived from Animals and Human Beings? Insulin, Epinephrine, ADH, Pitocin, ACTH
What drugs are derived from Minerals? Calcium Chloride, Iodine, Iron and Sodium Bicarbonate
What drugs are derived from microorganisms? Penicillin and streptomycin
What drugs are derived from chemical substances made in laboratory? Diazepam, Lidocaine
What are LOLs? Beta blocker
What are the Zines? anti psych drugs
What are Statins? anti cholesterol
What is a Chemical Name? Chemical composition and molecule structure
what is a generic name? Abbreviated form of chemical. Official name approved by FDA
What is a trade name? Trademark name designated by company seller of medication
What is official Name? Official name followed by USP or NF, usually same as generic name
What is 1906 pure food and drug act? Protect public from mislabeled or adulterated drugs Designated United States Pharmacopoeia and national Formulary as official standards
What is the 1914 Harrison Narcotic Act? Passed to control sale of narcotics and first narcotic act passed in nation
What is the 1970 Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act? Drugs classified into numbered schedules I-V.
Created by: Sheamiles1995
 

 



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