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Cognitive Behavior

William Wundt Started first psychological lab in 1876 and used experimentation and scientific research
Sigmund Freud Austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation; founded psychoanalysis.
Atkinson and Shiffrin proposed the multi-store memory model in 1868
Glanzer and Cunitz famous for their research on serial position effect
Craik and Lockhart proposed that incoming information can be processed at different levels, 'the levels of processing'
Sematic Processing deep processing, involves building the stimulus into the structure of meaningful connections and associations and linking it to prior knowledge
Baddely and Hitch developed the working memory model, focuses on the structure of STM
Conrad and Hull demonstrated the phonological similarity effect
articulatory effect participants repeat a sequence of sounds over and over while doing the experimental task
Baddeley, Lewis and Vallar explored the effects of articulatory suppression on the phonological similarity effect
principles of the cognitive approach #1 - mental processes can be studied scientifically #2 -mental representations guide behavior #3 - cognitive process do not function in isolation #4 - biases in cognitive processes can be systematic and predictable
structural processing only takes into account superficial features, like physical properties
phonetic processing repeating the words to be learnt
Memory types that're stored differently episodic - memory of events procedural - how to memory, ex: how to tie your shoe laces sematic - general
anterograde amnesia an inability to form new memories but doesn't affect those from the past
Created by: eilaguruza
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