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ENERGY

SPS2: ENERGY VOCABULARY

QuestionAnswer
Conduction transfer of heat by DIRECT CONTACT
Convection MOVEMENT OF HEAT by motion of matter
Radiation transfer of energy with the help of ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
Energy ability to DO WORK
Transformations when energy CHANGES from one form to another
Molecular motion All molecules are in a CONSTANT MOTION
Thermal HEAT ENERGY (comes from substance whose molecules and atoms vibrate faster due to RISE IN TEMPERATURE)
Heat capacity # of heat UNITS needed to RAISE the temperature of a substance ONE degree
Mass measure of the AMOUNT OF MATTER in an abject
Specific heat heat REQUIRED to RAISE temperature of a unit of mass of a substance by 1 DEGREE CELSIUS
Temperature degree or INTENSITY of HEAT PRESENT
Phase changes change from one state to another WITHOUT CHANGE in CHEMICAL composition
Phase diagram GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION of a PHYSICAL state of a substance under TEMPERATURE and PRESSURE
Fission nuclear reaction process in which NUCLEUS of an ATOM SPLITS into 2 SMALLER, LIGHTER nuclei
Fusion reaction in which 2 or more atomic NUCLEI are COMBINED
Kinetic energy energy of an object due to the objects MOTION
Potential energy energy of an object has because of POSITION, CONDITION, or CHEMICAL composition of the object
Law of Conservation of Energy Law states that energy CANNOT be CREATED or DESTROYED but it CAN be TRANSFORMED from one to another
Created by: carla.jones