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Thyoid gland produces calcitonin
What is calcitonin? allows calcium to remain in the bone and not move into the blood.
Why is calcium needed for? nerves, bones, and muscles to function properly.
What happens if theirs not enough calcium stored in bones? the bones break
What happens if too much calcium is stored? not enough is available for the bloodstream to deliver to the muscles
What the parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin do? help keep calcium in the body in balance
When the parathyoid glands secrete PTH, what happends? it pulls calcium from the bones into the bloodstream
What happens when the thyroid gland secrets secretes calcitonin? puts calcium into bones
When the parathyroid gland secretes parathyroid hormone what happends? increase the amount of calcium in the blood and leads to a loss of calcium in the bones
The thyroid and parathyroid glands work together to do what? keep calcium levels in balance
What happens when the thyroid glands and parathyoid glands do not function appropriately? abnormal calcium levels may lead to bone abnormalities
What is stored in the bones that affect the musculoskeletal functioning? magnesium and potassium
Disorders conditions cause what? impaired movement, pain, and damage to muscles, bones, and joints
Muscle disorders comprise of a range of what? ailments
Muscle disorders originate where? in the brain: cerebral palsy, stroke, and multiple sclerosis in the muscle tissue itself
What muscle spasms develop from? muscle disorders and psychotropic drugs
What causes the patient to move uncoordinated, or spastic ways? Injury to a muscle in the back, muscular dystrophy
What is used to treat a patient with dystonia? muscle relaxants such as Flexeril (cyclobenzapine) and antispasmodics such as Skelaxin (metaxalone)
What two types of medication work together with the central nervous system (CNS) to inhibit the neurological activity that causes the spams or rigidity? Flexeril (cyclobenzapine) and Skelaxin (metaxalone)
What is used for chronic low bock pain. Cymbalta (duloxetine)
The Cymbalta (duloxetine)drug is a what? antidepressant
Cymbalta help the patient do what? decrease the stress felt in chronic aback pain and help patients live more productive, mobile lives
Botulinum toxin type A is a toxic substance derived from the bacteruim clostridium botulinum
High doses of Botulinum toxin causes what? Food poisoning (botulism)
Low dosage of Botulinum toxin causes what? it acts acts as an effective muscle relaxant by blocking acetylcholine release and thus paralyzing the muscle
Botox Cosmetic is use to what? reduce wrinkles associated with aging.
Botox is used to treat chronic migraines, limp spasticity, adnormal head position and neck pain (cervical dystonia)
Botulinum toxin causes pain, it is usually administered with what? local anesthetic
Myathenia gravis is progressive, autoimmune disease of skeletal muscle fatgue and weakness that is caused by loss of acetylcholine receptors, basically a breakdown in communication between the nerves and the muscles.
Fibromyalgia Is a disorder of chronic pain in muscles and the soft tissue surrounding joints
What are the treatments for Fibromyalgia? physical therapy, antidepressants, anti-inflammatory medications, trigger point injections, and narcotic analgesics
Patients with hydrocalcemia may be given what? calcitonin (Miacalcin)
calcitonin (Miacalcin) is available as a nasal spray or injectable form
Calcitonin can come from what? humans or fish such as salmon
Created by: Demonqueion97
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