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Logic Unit 1

Introductory Logic- The Fundamentals of Thinking Well; Terms and Definitions

QuestionAnswer
What is a stipulative definition? The definition of a new word is invented, or an existing word is applied in a new way
What is a lexical definition? A dictionary definition
What is a precising definition? A definition to reduce vagueness. [For example: a little while. A little while could be 5 min or the next year]
What is a theoretical definition? This definition explains a concept theoretically. If you define man as an 'creature evolving from apes' it is theoretical. No one can prove that men came from apes
What is a persuasive definition? The definition can influence attitudes. [For example: abortion can be defined as 'the slaughter of innocent children' (which it is) or 'the right of a woman to control her own body']
What is a genus? A genus is a term defined by a being placed among a higher category. The genus of a term is more general, broad, or abstract that the term itself.
What is a species? The species is more specific, narrow, or concrete than the genus. It is a category of genus. It is NOT a part of the genus
Define mutually exclusive? A species that does not overlap, no other category exists [For example: true and false or fact and opinion are mutually exclusive. Women and Lawyers are not mutually exclusive because women can be lawyers.]
Define ambiguity An ambiguous word is a word with two or more definitions
Define extension A broad definition. To become more vague
Define intention A narrower term of the extension. To become more specific