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What is a valid argument? **Conclusion can be properly inferred from premises [truth of the premises guarantees truth of the conclusion]
What is an invalid argument? **Conclusion cannot be properly inferred from the premises [truth of the premises DOES NOT guarantee truth of the conclusion] **Rely on assumptions **Conclusion DOES NOT need to be proven false by the truth of the premises --Only needs to have potential to be false
What is Playing the Numbers? LG When distribution of players to slots is so restricted that it makes sense to enumerate complete set of distributive possibilities
What does Underbooked Ordering mean? When a game has fewer players than slots **some slots will remain unoccupied **some players will fill more than one slot
What does Overbooked ordering mean? **if a game has more players than slots **more than one player is assigned to some of the slots
What are the flaws you will see in LR quests.? [[CONT.]] **Absence of Evidence --An absence of evidence does not mean claim is true/false --Defeating evidence for a claim does not mean claim is true/false **Temporal --What was ≠ what is or what will be --What is ≠ what was or what will be --What will be ≠ what was or what is **Logical Force --Modality --Quantification **Perception vs. Reality --Belief in truth ≠ truth --Irrelevant opinions --Inappropriate authority **Percentage vs. Amount •Percent ≠ amount •Amount ≠ percent **Circular Reasoning --Conclusion same as premise **Comparative vs. Absolute --Comparative statement does not support absolute conclusion --Absolute statement does not support comparative conclusion **One-sided •Failing to consider negatives when making a positive judgment •Failing to consider positives when making a negative judgment **Ignoring argument (two-speaker stimulus) **Questionable Assumption
What is logic primarily concerned with? Validity --distinguish betw. valid/invalid arguments --recognize repetitive themes in valid/invalid arguments NOT concerned with truth
What are the flaws you will see in LR quests.? **Causation --Correlation does not equal causation --Could be alternate cause --Cause and effect may be reversed **Exclusivity --Fails to establish no other options available --Fails to adequately eliminate options --Falsely assumes options are exclusive/not exclusive **Conditional --Converse --Inverse **Equivocation --Shift in meaning of a word --Treating related, but distinct, concepts as the same thing **Sampling --Sample group not representative of conclusion group --Sample group biased **Comparison --Makes analogy/comparison between things that may differ in a crucial respect --Incomplete comparison **Ad Hominem --Attacking character --Attacking inconsistent behavior **Composition --Whole to part (concluding about a part(s) based on the whole) --Part to whole (concluding about the whole based on a part(s))
Created by: KyronCox