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Drug Stems

Drug stems from generic drug names help identify the pharmacological drug class

-pril ACE Inhibitor
-mustine alkylating agent (antineoplastic)
-zosin Alpha Blocker
-caine (bupivicaine, lidocaine, prilocaine, mepivacaine) amide local anesthetic
-mycin (streptomycin, kanamycin, neomycin) aminoglycoside antibiotic
-cillin ( amoxicillin, ampicillin) aminopenicillin antibiotic
-olone (nandrolone, oxandrolone) anabolic steroid
-sartan angiotensin II receptor agonist (ARB)
-dazole (metronidazole, mebendazole) anthelmintic
-glitazone thiazolidinedione
-iramine (brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine) antihistamine
-tadine (cyproheptadine, loratadine, desloratidine) antihistamine
-triptan selective 5-HT receptor agonist; anti-migraine
-tinib antineoplastic; kinase inhibitor
-bicin antineoplastic; cytotoxic agent
-vudine antiretroviral; nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
-navir antiretroviral; protease inhibitor
-vir (ganciclovir, valganciclovir) antiviral; anti-CMV
-vir (oseltamivir, zanamivir) antiviral; anti-flu
-vir (acyclovir, valacyclovir) antiviral; anti-herpes
-vir (ribavirin, adefovir, entecavir) antiviral; anti-hepatitis
-tadine antiviral; anti-influenza-A
-ridone atypical antipsychotic
-bital barbituate (sedative)
-zepam benzodiazepine
-zolam benzodiazepine
-terol beta agonist; bronchodilator
-olol beta blocker
-bactam beta-lactamase inhibitor
-dronate bisphosphonate
-dipine calcium channel blocker
-lamide carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
cef-, ceph- cephalosporin antibiotic
-asone (betamethasone, dexamethasone, fluticasone, mometasone) corticosteroid
'cort' (hydrocortisone) corticosteroid
-olone ( prednisolone, triamcinolone) corticosteroid
-onide ( budesonide) corticosteroid
pred- (prednisolone, prednisone) corticosteroid
-caine (benzocaine, cocaine, piperocaine, chlorprocaine) ester local anesthetic
-gliptin DPP-4 Enzyme inhibitor
-cillin ( carbenicillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin) extended-spectrum penicillin
-statin HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
-mycin ( erthromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin) macrolide antibiotic
-semide (furosemide, torsemide) loop diuretic
-parin low molecular weight heparin
-mycin ( clindamycin, lincomycin) lincosamide antibiotic
-mab monoclonal antibody
-nacin muscarinic antagonist
-cillin (methicillin, naficillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin) penicillinase-resistant penicillin
-afil phosphodiesterase inhibitor
-trel progestin
-eprazole proton pump inhibitor
-operazole proton pump inhibitor
-floxacin quinolone antibiotic
-tretin retinoid
-setron serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist
-zodone serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitor
sulfa- sulfonamide antibiotic
-cycline tetracycline antibiotic
-thiazide thiazide diuretic
-nazole (fluconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, terconazole) triazole antifungal
-pramine tricyclic antidepressant
-tyline tricyclic antidepressant
-phylline xanthine derivative; bronchodilator
Created by: joruiz



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