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Week 1 Ch 1 and 2

General Terms

TermDefinition
Absorption when something is absorbed by another
Adverse effect potentially harmful side effects from drugs -nausea, vomiting, drug toxicity
agonist initiates a physiological response when it is combined with a receptor
antagonist bind to receptors blocking agonists, alters target site
Bio availability degree of the which the molecule (drug) reached action site to exert effectiveness -acid-base balance affect effectiveness
biotechnology genetic engineering, allows scientists to produce proteins from bacteria
biotransformation when a drugs chemical composition is changed by metabolism
bolus administration of medication , given at specific time
contraindiction a situation when a drug, surgery or procedure should be avoided due to potential harm to patient
distribution when drug molecules diffuse out of blood stream and reach site of action
duration time between onset and disappearance of a drugs effect
emulsion medication is in a mixture of water and oil which is all bound by a emulsifier
enteral route of administration, medication is taken in the GI tract
excretion eliminates medications from body
hypersensitivity adverse effect which happens due to previous exposure to the drug/ similar drug
idiosyncratic effect unpredictable adverse effects of drugs
indication reason/purpose for giving med.
local effect when topical agents work at site of application
onset first appearance of effect
parenteral any route other than digestive tract
pharmacodynamics examines how the drug affects body
pharmacokinetics how the body processes drugs
plasma protein binding refers to degree of how medications attach to proteins that are in the blood
reconstituted powders that are mixed with liquids
side effect predictable/unintended effect from a drug
solubility a drugs ability to be dissolved
solution mixture in which drug particles are fully dissolved (liquid medium)
suspension a suspension where solid, undissolved particles float in liquid
synergist a drug that enhances an affect of another drug
systemic effect when effects occur at a distant site of contact
topical on the skin
controlled substances a drug that is regulated by the government
narcotics a drug/substance that affects mood or behavior , has sleep-inducing properties
DEA The Drug Enforcement Administration: sets standards for controlled substances and enforces the rules
FDA Food and Drug Administration: protects public health. -drugs, biological products, medical devices
the joint commission accredits hospitals and health care institutions
OTC over the counter
PDR Physicians desk reference
USP-NF reference of officially approved drugs
Created by: katraut
 

 



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