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Absorption Absorption is one of the four physiological processes in pharmacokinetics where the medication moves from the site of administration into the bloodstream through systemic circulation.
Adverse Effect An adverse effect is an unwanted harmful side effect of a medication.
Agonist An agonist is a medication that binds to a receptor to cause a response. There can be natural or chemical agonists.
Antagonist An antagonist is a medication that binds to a receptor to prevent a response, or an agonist binding to the site or causing the intended effect.
Bioavailability Bioavailability is the degree or amount to which a medication reaches the site of action. Bioavailability depends on the medication's acid-base balance, circulatory system blood flow and the medication's ability of plasma protein binding.
Biotechnology Biotechnology is one of the three main sources of where medications are from. It includes producing proteins from bacteria to make medications. That can include inserting a gene into the DNA of a bacterial cell to make a certain protein for the medication
Biotransformation Biotransformation is a process in pharmacokinetics, where the chemical composition of a medication is changed in the liver, after system circulation for excretion by the kidneys.
Bolus A bolus is a single dose of a medication or medication preparation, given at once.
Contraindication Contraindications are conditions or factors listed that are reasons to not give a medication.
Distribution Distribution is a process in pharmacokinetics, where after a medication has been absorbed into the bloodstream, through systemic circulation it is transported to the site of action.
Duration Duration is the time between the first effects of a medication, or onset, and disappearance of the medication's effects.
Emulsion An emulsion is a liquid form of a medication, where a medication is contained in a mixture of water an oil together with an emulsifier.
Enteral Enteral is a type of medication administration route where the medication is taken to the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the oral medication route.
Excretion Excretion is a process in pharmacokinetics, where after biotransformation by the liver medications are excreted by the kidneys and eliminated by urine.
Hypersensitivity Hypersensitivity is an adverse effect from previous exposure to a medication resulting in an allergic reaction.
Idiosyncratic Effect An idiosyncratic effect is when the exact mechanism of an adverse medication effect is not known.
Indication Indication is the reason or purpose for giving a medication.
Local Effect A local effect is when a topical medication works at the site of application.
Onset Onset is the time between the administration of a medication and the first appearance of it's effects.
Parenteral Parenteral includes medication administration routes other then through the gastrointestinal tract, or enteral. Parenteral medication administration routes include topical, subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravenous.
Pharmacodynamics Pharmacodynamics is the study of how medications effect the human body, at molecular and physiological levels.
Pharmacokinetics Pharmacokinetics is the study of how the body processes medications. It includes the four physiological processes, absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and excretion.
Plasma Protein Binding Plasma protein binding is when medications bind to protein in the plasma of blood.
Reconstituted Reconstitution is when medications such as solid medications in powder forms are mixed with a liquid to form a solution.
Side Effect A side effect is a known but unintended effect of a medication.
Solubility The solubility is the ability of a medication to be absorbed.
Solution A solution is a mixture of medication particles or solute dissolved in a liquid or solvent.
Suspension A suspension is where solid medication particles are suspended in a liquid.
Synergist A synergist is a medication that enhances the effect of another medication.
Systemic Effect A systemic effect is a topical medication that effects the entire body.
Topical Topical medications are a form of parenteral medication administration for application to the skin or a mucous membrane.
Controlled Substances Controlled substances are medications that have the potential for abuse, they are labeled in five classes.
Narcotics Narcotics are a class of medications that are pain relievers.
DEA The Drug Enforcement Administration was established to set standards for handling controlled substances.
FDA The Food and Drug Administration inspects the facilities where medications are made and reviews new medication applications before they are sold and administered.
The Joint Commission The Joint Commission evaluates and accredits health care organizations and programs in the United States.
OTC Over-the-counter is a category of medications, that do not require a prescription.
PDR The Physician's Desk Reference contains information on many medications.
USP-NF The United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary, assigns the generic name to new medications.
Created by: nrgonzalez837



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