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Flash Cards

TermDefinition
Absorption the process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed by another
Adverse effect An adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery. An adverse effect may be termed a "side effect", when judged to be secondary to a main or therapeutic effect.
Agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response
Antagonist blocks the action of the agonist
Bioavailability the proportion of a drug or other substance which enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect.
Biotechnology the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.
Biotransformation the alteration of a substance, such as a drug, within the body.
Bolus a single dose of a drug or other medicinal preparation given all at once.
something (such as a symptom or condition) that makes a particular treatment or procedure inadvisable
Distribution is the process of making a product or service available for the consumer or business user who needs it.
Duration the time during which something continues.
Emulsion a fine dispersion of minute droplets of one liquid in another in which it is not soluble or miscible.
Enteral involving or passing through the intestine, either naturally via the mouth and esophagus, or through an artificial opening.
Excretion the process of eliminating or expelling waste matter.
Hypersensitivity extreme physical sensitivity to particular substances or conditions.
Idiosyncratic effect drug reactions, also known as type B reactions, are drug reactions that occur rarely and unpredictably amongst the population. This is not to be mistaken with idiopathic, which implies that the cause is not known.
Indication a symptom that suggests certain medical treatment is necessary
Local effect The impact of a therapeutic agent on specific tissues rather than on the whole body, esp. on those tissues where the agent is absorbed, metabolized, or most chemically active.
Onset the beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.
Parenteral administered or occurring elsewhere in the body than the mouth and alimentary canal.
Pharmacodynamics the branch of pharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs and the mechanism of their action.
Pharmacokinetics the branch of pharmacology concerned with the movement of drugs within the body.
Plasma protein binding refers to the degree to which medications attach to proteins within the blood.
Reconstituted having been formed again.
Side effect a secondary, typically undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment
Solubility the ability to be dissolved, especially in water.
Solution a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent).
Suspension the temporary prevention of something from continuing or being in force or effect.
Synergist a substance, organ, or other agent that participates in an effect of synergy.
Systemic effect defined as those effects occurring in tissues distant from the site of contact between the body and the medical device or biomaterial
Topical relating or applied directly to a part of the body.
Controlled substances generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated by law
Narcotics a drug or other substance affecting mood or behavior and sold for nonmedical purposes, especially an illegal one.
DEA The Drug Enforcement Administration is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug trafficking and distribution within the United States.
FDA is a government agency established in 1906 with the passage of the Federal Food and Drugs Act.
The Joint Commission is an independent, not-for-profit group in the United States that administers voluntary accreditation programs for hospitals and other healthcare organizations
OTC Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional,
PDR Physicians' Desk Reference
USP-NF the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and the National Formulary (NF). Monographs for drug substances, dosage forms, and compounded preparations are featured in the USP.
Created by: 2537709826241947
 

 



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