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Pharm Module 1

TermDefinition
Absorption Movement of Drug from site of administration to the bloodstream.
Adverse Effect Unexpected or dangerous reaction to a drug.
Agonist Activates receptor to produce a biological response.
Antagonist Blocks the biological response produced by agonist.
Bioavailability Fraction of drug that reaches other parts of body not just one targeted.
Biotechnology The ability to take living organisms and systems and make products.
Biotransformation How chemicals are altered by the body.
Bolus A single dose given in a short period of time like within 30 minutes. This raises the concentration of the medication.
Contraindication A drug, procedure or surgery that will do harm to the patient.
Distribution The reversible transfer of the medication from one part of the body to another.
Duration Length of time a medication is effective.
Emulsion Mixture of two immersible liquids. Example: Medicated ointments
Enteral Route of Gastrointestinal tract example esophagus, stomach and intestines.
Excretion Removal of drug from body. Kidney and liver play a big role in this.
Hypersensitivity Immune medicated reaction such as a rash or anaphylaxis
Idiosyncratic effect Unpredictable adverse reaction. Can be life threatening.
Indication The reason for medication, symptoms
Local effect The effect of medication on targeted tissue or organ.
Onset Time it takes for medication to achieve highest concentration or to take effect
Parenteral Injecting into body, IV
Pharmacodynamics Effects of Medications and how they’re formed
pharmokinetics How medications move through our body
Plasma protein binder Degree to which the medication attaches to proteins
Reconstituted Process of mixing and diluting solutions
Side effect Effects that happen with medications within the healing process
Solubility The ability for a solvent to dissolve
Solution Mixture of solute and solvent
Suspension Water doesn’t mix with solids and becomes smaller particles
Synergist Medications that give greater effects than intended
Systemic effect How the body is affected or any other area not being targeted for the medication
Topical Applied directly usually on skin
Controlled substance Any medications regulated by government due to the known harmful tendencies or addictive capabilities
Narcotics Controlled substances known for altered mood behavior and selling without intended medical purposes
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration enforce the controlled substance laws and make sure criminal action is taken.
FDA Food Drug Administration
The Joint Commision Do Not Use List
OTC Over the counter guide
PDR Physcian’s Desk Reference
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia National Fumry
Created by: SurgMom
 

 



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