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Flash Cards

QuestionAnswer
absorbtion the process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed by another.
Adverse effect An adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery
Agonist a substance which initiates a physiological response when combined with a receptor.
Antagonist a substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another.
Bioavailability the proportion of a drug or other substance which enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect.
Biotechnology the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.
Biotransformation the alteration of a substance, such as a drug, within the body.
Bolus a single dose of a drug or other medicinal preparation given all at once.
Contraindication suggest or indicate that (a particular technique or drug) should not be used in the case in question.
Distribution the process of giving things out, or spreading or supplying something
Duration the length of time something continues or exists (often used with the).
Emulsion a fine dispersion of minute droplets of one liquid in another in which it is not soluble or miscible.
Enteral (chiefly of nutrition) involving or passing through the intestine, either naturally via the mouth and esophagus, or through an artificial opening.
Excretion the process of eliminating or expelling waste matter.
Hypersensitivity extreme physical sensitivity to particular substances or conditions.
Idiosyncratic effect Idiosyncratic drug reactions, also known as type B reactions, are drug reactions that occur rarely and unpredictably amongst the population.
Indication a symptom that suggests certain medical treatment is necessary.
Local effect ocal effect of a drug. The impact of a therapeutic agent on specific tissues rather than on the whole body, esp. on those tissues where the agent is absorbed, metabolized, or most chemically active.
Onset beginning, commencement the onset of winter the onset of age-related diseases.
Parenteral administered or occurring elsewhere in the body than the mouth and alimentary canal.
Pharmacodynamics the branch of pharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs and the mechanism of their action.
Pharmacokinetics the branch of pharmacology concerned with the movement of drugs within the body.
Plasma protein binding refers to the degree to which medications attach to proteins within the blood.
Reconstituted to its former or natural state or a semblance of it, as by the addition of water to a concentrate reconstituted
Side effect a secondary, typically undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment.
Solubility the ability to be dissolved, especially in water.
Solution a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent).
Suspension the temporary prevention of something from continuing or being in force or effect.
Synergist a substance, organ, or other agent that participates in an effect of synergy.
Systemic effect are defined as those effects occurring in tissues distant from the site of contact between the body and the medical device or biomaterial.
Topical relating or applied directly to a part of the body.
Controlled substances A drug or other substance that is tightly controlled by the government because it may be abused or cause addiction.
Narcotics a drug that relieves pain and induces drowsiness, stupor, or insensibility.
DEA The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) (/di.iˈeɪ/) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug trafficking and distribution within the United States.
FDA The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a government agency established in 1906 with the passage of the Federal Food and Drugs Act.
The Joint Commission The Joint Commission is an independent, not-for-profit group in the United States that administers voluntary accreditation programs for hospitals and other healthcare organizations.
OTC Over-the-counter
PDR Paintless Dent Repair
USP-NF Monographs for drug substances, dosage forms, and compounded preparations are featured in the USP
Created by: carmen.raney
 

 



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